Convolutional Neural Networks are great at identifying all the information that makes an image distinct. When we train a deep neural network in Caffe to classify images, we specify a multilayered neural network with different types of layers like convolution, rectified linear unit, softmax loss, and so on. The last layer is the output layer that gives us the output tag with the corresponding confidence value. But sometimes it's useful for us to extract the feature vectors from various layers and use it for other purposes. Let's see how to do it in Python Caffe, shall we?
We design a ReLU-based multilayer neural network to generate a rich high-dimensional feature vector. The feature guarantees a monotonically decreasing training cost as the number of layers increases. We design the weight matrix in each layer to extend the feature vectors to a higher dimensional space while providing a richer representation in the sense of training cost. Linear projection to the target in the higher dimensional space leads to a lower training cost if a convex cost is minimized. An $\ell_2$-norm convex constraint is used in the minimization to improve the generalization error and avoid overfitting. The regularization hyperparameters of the network are derived analytically to guarantee a monotonic decrement of the training cost and therefore, it eliminates the need for cross-validation to find the regularization hyperparameter in each layer.
Welcome to the first lesson in our Practicing Deep Learning Series. Thoughtly is writing a multi-part tutorial series focused on understanding the foundations of Deep Learning, specifically as they apply to Natural Language Processing. This series, like our previous series, is targeted towards practitioners of machine learning. Now we are looking to provide information for developers who wish to cultivate a working familiarity with neural networks (NN) and deep learning (DL). Our goal is to help ML students, amateurs and professionals move from an awareness of neural networks to a working familiarity with the tools and workflows necessary to accomplish real-world tasks with a neural network.
Recommendation systems and computing advertisements have gradually entered the field of academic research from the field of commercial applications. Click-through rate prediction is one of the core research issues because the prediction accuracy affects the user experience and the revenue of merchants and platforms. Feature engineering is very important to improve click-through rate prediction. Traditional feature engineering heavily relies on people's experience, and is difficult to construct a feature combination that can describe the complex patterns implied in the data. This paper combines traditional feature combination methods and deep neural networks to automate feature combinations to improve the accuracy of click-through rate prediction. We propose a mechannism named 'Field-aware Neural Factorization Machine' (FNFM). This model can have strong second order feature interactive learning ability like Field-aware Factorization Machine, on this basis, deep neural network is used for higher-order feature combination learning. Experiments show that the model has stronger expression ability than current deep learning feature combination models like the DeepFM, DCN and NFM.
The subcellular location of a protein can provide valuable information about its function. With the rapid increase of sequenced genomic data, the need for an automated and accurate tool to predict subcellular localization becomes increasingly important. Many efforts have been made to predict protein subcellular localization. This paper aims to merge the artificial neural networks and bioinformatics to predict the location of protein in yeast genome. We introduce a new subcellular prediction method based on a backpropagation neural network. The results show that the prediction within an error limit of 5 to 10 percentage can be achieved with the system.