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From data to knowledge and AI via graphs: Technology to support a knowledge-based economy

ZDNet

These past few months have not been kind to any of us. The ripples caused by the COVID-19 crisis are felt far and wide, and the world's economies have taken a staggering blow. As with most things in life, however, this crisis has also brought some interesting side effects. Reimagining business for the digital age is the number-one priority for many of today's top executives. We offer practical advice and examples of how to do it right.


Graph Traversal Methods for Reasoning in Large Knowledge-Based Systems

AAAI Conferences

Commonsense reasoning at scale is a core problem for cognitive systems. In this paper, we discuss two ways in which heuristic graph traversal methods can be used to generate plausible inference chains. First, we discuss how Cyc’s predicate-type hierarchy can be used to get reasonable answers to queries. Second, we explain how connection graph-based techniques can be used to identify script-like structures. Finally, we demonstrate through experiments that these methods lead to significant improvement in accuracy for both Q/A and script construction.


Scientific Knowledge Graph

#artificialintelligence

In the last decade, we experienced an urgent need for a flexible, context-sensitive, fine-grained, and machine-actionable representation of scholarly knowledge and corresponding infrastructures for knowledge curation, publishing and processing. Such technical infrastructures are becoming increasingly popular in representing scholarly knowledge as structured, interlinked, and semantically rich Scientific Knowledge Graphs (SKG). Knowledge graphs are large networks of entities and relationships, usually expressed in W3C standards such as OWL and RDF. SKGs focus on the scholarly domain and describe the actors (e.g., authors, organizations), the documents (e.g., publications, patents), and the research knowledge (e.g., research topics, tasks, technologies) in this space as well as their reciprocal relationships. These resources provide substantial benefits to researchers, companies, and policymakers by powering several data-driven services for navigating, analysing, and making sense of research dynamics.



KACC: A Multi-task Benchmark for Knowledge Abstraction, Concretization and Completion

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

A comprehensive knowledge graph (KG) contains an instance-level entity graph and an ontology-level concept graph. The two-view KG provides a testbed for models to "simulate" human's abilities on knowledge abstraction, concretization, and completion (KACC), which are crucial for human to recognize the world and manage learned knowledge. Existing studies mainly focus on partial aspects of KACC. In order to promote thorough analyses for KACC abilities of models, we propose a unified KG benchmark by improving existing benchmarks in terms of dataset scale, task coverage, and difficulty. Specifically, we collect new datasets that contain larger concept graphs, abundant cross-view links as well as dense entity graphs. Based on the datasets, we propose novel tasks such as multi-hop knowledge abstraction (MKA), multi-hop knowledge concretization (MKC) and then design a comprehensive benchmark. For MKA and MKC tasks, we further annotate multi-hop hierarchical triples as harder samples. The experimental results of existing methods demonstrate the challenges of our benchmark. The resource is available at https://github.com/thunlp/KACC.