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Can We Open the Black Box of AI?

#artificialintelligence

Dean Pomerleau can still remember his first tussle with the black-box problem. The year was 1991, and he was making a pioneering attempt to do something that has now become commonplace in autonomous-vehicle research: teach a computer how to drive. This meant taking the wheel of a specially equipped Humvee military vehicle and guiding it through city streets, says Pomerleau, who was then a robotics graduate student at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. With him in the Humvee was a computer that he had programmed to peer through a camera, interpret what was happening out on the road and memorize every move that he made in response. Eventually, Pomerleau hoped, the machine would make enough associations to steer on its own.


How to stay safe against iCloud phishing attacks after Emma Watson nude photos reportedly leak

The Independent - Tech

Nude and private photos of celebrities including Emma Watson and Amanda Seyfried are circulating online, according to reports, leading to fears of a second major hacking attack. As with 2014's famous iCloud attack, the photos appear to have been stolen from people's phones and then traded online. In both cases, the photos appear to be old – suggesting that, like 2014's attack, the pictures have been circulating among collectors for some time. It is likely that the photos were stolen using fairly simple cyber attacks, of the kind that could hit anyone. While the recent spate of cyber attacks have become famous because of who they affected and the nature of the photos, the same techniques could be used to steal the most personal information from anyone.


Germany Will Now Require 'Black Boxes' In Self-Driving Cars

Huffington Post - Tech news and opinion

BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany plans new legislation to require manufacturers of cars equipped with an autopilot function to install a black box to help determine responsibility in the event of an accident, transport ministry sources told Reuters on Monday. The fatal crash of a Tesla Motors Inc Model S car in its Autopilot mode has increased the pressure on industry executives and regulators to ensure that automated driving technology can be deployed safely. Under the proposal from Transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt, drivers will not have to pay attention to traffic or concentrate on steering, but must remain seated at the wheel so they can intervene in the event of an emergency. Manufacturers will also be required to install a black box that records when the autopilot system was active, when the driver drove and when the system requested that the driver take over, according to the proposals. The draft is due to be sent to other ministries for approval this summer, a transport ministry spokesman said.


Artificial intelligence: computer says YES (but is it right?)

#artificialintelligence

There would always be a first death in a driverless car and it happened in May 2016. Joshua Brown had engaged the autopilot system in his Tesla when a tractor-trailor drove across the road in front of him. It seems that neither he nor the sensors in the autopilot noticed the white-sided truck against a brightly lit sky, with tragic results. Of course many people die in car crashes every day – in the USA there is one fatality every 94 million miles, and according to Tesla this was the first known fatality in over 130 million miles of driving with activated autopilot. In fact, given that most road fatalities are the result of human error, it has been said that autonomous cars should make travelling safer.


Enhancing the reliability of artificial intelligence

#artificialintelligence

Computers that learn for themselves are with us now. As they become more common in'high-stakes' applications like robotic surgery, terrorism detection and driverless cars, researchers ask what can be done to make sure we can trust them. There would always be a first death in a driverless car and it happened in May 2016. Joshua Brown had engaged the autopilot system in his Tesla when a tractor-trailor drove across the road in front of him. It seems that neither he nor the sensors in the autopilot noticed the white-sided truck against a brightly lit sky, with tragic results.