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NIH harnesses AI for COVID-19 diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring

#artificialintelligence

The National Institutes of Health has launched the Medical Imaging and Data Resource Center (MIDRC), an ambitious effort that will harness the powers of artificial intelligence, and medical imaging to fight COVID-19. The multi-institutional collaboration, led by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), part of NIH, will create new tools that physicians can use for early detection and personalized therapies for COVID-19 patients. "This program is particularly exciting because it will give us new ways to rapidly turn scientific findings into practical imaging tools that benefit COVID-19 patients," said Bruce J. Tromberg, PhD, NIBIB Director. "It unites leaders in medical imaging and artificial intelligence from academia, professional societies, industry, and government to take on this important challenge." The features of infected lungs and hearts seen on medical images can help assess disease severity, predict response to treatment, and improve patient outcomes.


Improving the Quality of Medical Imaging with Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

A research team with funding from the National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) has developed an advanced computing technique for rapidly and cost effectively improving the quality of biomedical imaging. The technology, called AUTOMAP, uses machine learning and software, referred to as neural networks -- inspired by the brain's ability to process information and perceive or make choices. AUTOMAP finds the best computational strategies to produce clear, accurate images for various types of medical scans. In their study in the March 21, 2018, issue of Nature, the researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging and Harvard University found that the AUTOMAP system could produce brain MRI images with better signal and less noise than conventional MRI techniques. Achieving a good signal-to-noise ratio is a key factor in generating a quality MRI scan.


Wearable tattoo tells your smartphone how drunk you are before the cops do

ZDNet

The stick-on tattoo can provide a blood-alcohol level result within eight minutes, compared with hours using other techniques that analyze sweat. A new sweat-inducing wearable can analyze your blood-alcohol levels and send a readout to your smartphone within minutes., The key features of the stick-on sweat-alyzer is that it can be discreetly placed on your arm and provides a readout within eight minutes compared with hours using other techniques that analyze sweat to measure blood alcohol. Research into the wearable tattoo was funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, or NIBIB, and was carried out by a team of electrical-, computer- and nano- engineers at the University of California, San Diego in La Jolla. It's no robot guide dog - but this wearable aims to help blind people safely move With expertise in tech to help robots detect and avoid obstacles, two Italian engineers have now turned their energies to making a device for the blind.


How stripy T-shirts and zebras could trigger migraines

Daily Mail - Science & tech

If you are prone to migraines, you might want to stay away from stripey T-shirts and zebras. A review has found that some people suffer a brain reaction from looking at black and white bar patterns. In extreme cases they may trigger epilepsy, and scientists believe stripes like those found in barcodes and building designs could also cause crippling headaches in people who are light-sensitive. A research team led by the University Medical Centre Utrecht, in the Netherlands, looked at gamma oscillations in the brain, measured using electrodes attached to the scalp. These brainwaves were triggered by vertical black and white stripes, but not by images including fluffy clouds and nature scenes.


Insulin Injections, Goodbye: Wearable Patch To Control Type-2 Diabetes

International Business Times

The worst part about diabetes is the insulin injection. Nobody likes getting pricked by a needle, let alone every time there is a sugar spike in the body. Therefore, researchers have now provided a method that just gives patients their insulin fix without any needles.