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AI Technology Helped Researchers Discover 143 Ancient Geoglyphs

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Archaeologists in Yamagata, Japan said they have discovered a cluster of enormous, ancient geoglyphs in Southern Peru. The discovery was made with the help of cutting-edge artificial intelligence (AI) technology. A research group at Yamagata University identified 143 new geoglyphs etched into the desert terrains of Nazca in southern Peru. The giant land art pieces, known as the Nazca Lines, depict human-like figures and a variety of animals including birds, fish, snakes, foxes, felines, and camelids. Many can only be identified from the air due to their large size.


'Mythical animal' sticks tongue out in latest Nazca geoglyph find

The Japan Times

YAMAGATA – After unearthing more than 340 geoglyphs in Peruvian town of Nazca, a team of researchers from Yamagata University has announced the discovery of a new one that is thought to depict an imaginary or mythical creature sticking out its tongue. The team, launched in 2004, found the latest geoglyph by chance during field research last September on the distribution of the Nazca Lines. The depicted animal, about 30 meters long, has eight legs extending from its body over which spotted markings are drawn. The tongue sticks out of the head, which has two eyes. Based on the drawing techniques used, the team estimates the geoglyph was created between 400 and 200 B.C.


AI helps discover new geoglyph in the Nazca Lines

#artificialintelligence

Scientists from Japan have used machine learning for the first time to identify a new figure among the ancient motifs of Peru's Nazca Lines. The illustration, known as a geoglyph, is thought to date to between 100 BC and 500 AD, and was made by removing the dark stones of the Nazca Desert to reveal the white sand beneath. It's small, just five meters in height, and it shows a humanoid figure grasping a cane or club. Like the other drawings in the Nazca Desert, its exact function is unknown, but its discovery next to an ancient path suggests it might have been used as a waypoint. "It is in an area that we often investigated, but we did not know the geoglyph existed," Professor Makato Sakai, the leader of a team from Yamagata University that conducted the research, told The Verge over email.


Dozens of mysterious Nazca lines carved in Peru 1,800 years ago are revealed

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Archaeologists have discovered more than 50 mysterious new'Nazca lines' in Peru, which were constructed nearly 2,000 years ago by ancient inhabitants who painstakingly arranged pebbles into massive shapes. Some are hundreds of years older than the most famous Nazca lines previously discovered. The researchers learned that while some of the geoglyphs were produced by Nazca people, others date back to a time before they lived in the region where the drawings can be found. The Nazca people lived in the area from 200 to 700 CE. Some of the designs are believed to be created instead by the Topará and Paracas people.


Researchers uncover 143 previously hidden and unknown figures drawn in the desert soil in Peru

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The Nazca lines of Peru have fascinated archaeologists for centuries and now scientists say they have discovered 143 new drawings previously hidden in the soil. Featuring hundreds of pictures of animals, plants and patterns, the miles of figurative drawings are only visible from nearby clifftops and the air. Researchers from Yamagata University in Japan spent years searching through high-resolution images of the lines taken from space and studying them on site in Peru. This led to the discovery of previously unknown figures depicting a range of living creatures including birds, monkeys, fish, reptiles and humanoid characters. Researchers worked with IBM's Artificial Intelligence team to discover a humanoid character within the soil (pictured) Known as geoglyphs, they were created about 2,000 years ago, at the same time as the previously discovered lines and are between 16ft and 320ft across.