The CSNET project, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, has as its goal the design and implementation of a computer communications network to provide services to computer science research groups in the United States. Experience with Arpanet has shown that access to a computer network can lead to significantly higher level of interaction between geographically dispersed researchers. In this regard, a goal of CSNET is to foster "universal connectivity', i.e., participation by every university, industrial, and government computer science research group in the United States. By December 1982, over eighty university, government, and industrial sites will be participating.
Conventional computers store information in the form of bits and bytes and the scope is only limited to 0s and 1s, thus flexibility in conventional computers is restrained. On the other hand, Quantum computers use a totally different form of data storage called "Qubits". Qubits are not only restrained to values such as 0 and 1, in fact they also provide a possibility of the information being intermediate (Superposition) between 0 and 1. For better understanding about the qubits, these are various but stable energy levels of the sub-atomic particles or photons in three-dimensional space. Each sub-atomic particle in the collection of qubits can be used to represent a variety of information or data.