Newly elected MPs will no longer be allowed to employ spouses and other relatives using taxpayers' money. The new rules will come into force at the next election, expected to take place in 2020, although the 151 MPs who currently employ "connected parties" will be able to continue to do so. The parliamentary watchdog, Ipsa, said employing family members was "out of step" with modern employment practices. Many MPs argue partners are uniquely placed to do the jobs expected of them. The Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, which processes and polices MPs expenses, announced the ban as it published a revised version of the rulebook for MPs' claims.
People who are self-employed in some of the lowest paid and most popular jobs are at the greatest risk of being displaced by artificial intelligence (AI), according to new research from the University at Buffalo School of Management. Recently published by the Center for Research on Self-Employment, the study found that with both self-employment and AI investment on the rise, independent sales people, drivers, and agriculture and construction workers are in the greatest danger of having their jobs computerized, because the work is routine and low in technical expertise. "Those who are self-employed just don't have the same access to AI resources that corporate employees do, which makes it difficult for them to keep up with these technological advancements," says Kate Bezrukova, associate professor of organization and human resources in the UB School of Management. The researchers conducted a systematic review of every study to date on artificial intelligence and the self-employed, and compared those findings to their own research on groups and teams from more than 20 published studies across many work settings. Through this approach, they found that while certain jobs are at risk from AI, not every profession is in jeopardy.
Japan's labor ministry plans to urge companies from April 2021 to ensure jobs for workers until the age of 70, it was learned Wednesday. The ministry will also require large companies with over 300 workers to publish the number of mid-career hires on their overall payrolls. The plans were included in the summary of a bill to revise the law on stabilizing employment for the elderly that was submitted by the ministry to a Labor Policy Council subcommittee the same day. The ministry aims to submit the bill to an ordinary session of parliament slated to be convened on Jan. 20. The plan offers several options for ensuring jobs for workers up to age 70, such as assisting community service activities by elderly employees and subcontracting operations to businesses launched by older workers.