Citing survey results from students in thousands of classrooms, Ferguson notes that when male minority students misbehave, they are often responding to peer pressure and were more likely to agree with the statement "I do things I don't want to do because of pressure from other students" than their other peers. Male students of color also reported more frequently pretending not to try for fear of what other students might say or think. Moreover, the report notes there is evidence that some teachers are inclined to approach male students of color more aggressively because of "group reputations for defiant behavior," especially when it comes to young black men. Interactions between students and teachers who do not know one another also can prove particularly problematic, it says. Compared with white male students with the same grade point averages, male minority students at every achievement level reported giving and receiving less respect when interacting in the hallways with teachers who may not know them, the report says.
More and more Americans are drowning in debt. About 44.7 million Americans currently have student debt, and in 2017 they owed more than $1.3 trillion in student loans--more than two and a half times what they owed 10 years earlier. Meanwhile, it takes them an average of 21 years to pay off that debt. In our September/October 2018 issue, writer Ryann Liebenthal investigates the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program--and how some of its enrollees may never actually see their loans forgiven despite years of payments. It's a rage-inducing story about America's student debt machine and the ways in which borrowers are often cast aside by their loan companies.
Chinese universities are filled with international students from around the world, including Asia, the Americas, Europe and Oceania. The proportion of Asian international students still dwarfs the number of Africans, who make up 13 percent of the student body. But this number, which is up from 2 percent in 2003, is growing every year, and much faster than other regions. Proportionally more African students are coming to China each year than students from anywhere else in the world.
Using school-level data on the number of students who qualify for free- and reduced-priced lunch – a metric used to estimate the number of poor students in a school – and results from state proficiency tests and the most recent National Assessments of Educational Progress, the researchers pinpointed 500 schools in those cities, or about 4 percent of all schools included in the analysis, where the average low-income student performance exceeded the national average of non-low-income students – or, said another way, schools where low-income students beat the odds and outperform their wealthier peers.