This is a translation of an analysis on Yemen published in cooperation with the Al Jazeera Studies Center. Yemen's southern governorates are currently witnessing political and security unrest after Aden's sacked governor, Aidarous al-Zubaidi, announced the formation of a transitional council for that region. This development was viewed by many analysts as a new step towards the process of separating south Yemen from its north. Such a move is not new in southern Yemen. The Southern Movement, also known as al-Hirak al-Janoubi, calls for the separation of southern Yemen.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has backed Yemen President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi in rejecting the formation of a transitional political council in southern Yemen, saying that calls for the separation of southern Yemen should be ignored. Aden's former governor Major General Aidarous al-Zubaidi, who was dismissed from his post by Hadi last week, announced the council's formation after thousands of southern Yemenis demonstrated their support following his sacking. Hadi's government considered the formation of the council an act that "targets the country's interests, its future and social fabric". Following the formation of the separatist council, al-Zubaidi left Aden for Saudi Arabia on Friday at the invitation of the Saudi officials, according to Yemeni officials. "This is the first time we have seen a utilisation of these massive rallies to form a body that represents southerners," Bashraheel Hisham Bashraheel, Deputy Editor of Al-Ayyam newspaper in Aden, told Al Jazeera.