Researchers have published a comprehensive report on private- and public-sector big data policies affecting transport in EU countries and abroad. The travel behaviours and transport preferences of city dwellers are changing. Transport researchers and policymakers are therefore faced with numerous challenges as they strive to create efficient, safe and sustainable transportation systems, notes CORDIS, the EU Research and innovation news service. In order to address these issues, the EU-funded project LeMO is exploring the opportunities provided by big data in the field of transport research. LeMO will disseminate its findings to stakeholders, including transport authorities and industry, leading to better understanding of travellers' and consumers' behaviour, targeted information and identify policy interventions.
Assembly of the cilium requires bidirectional intraflagellar transport (IFT) of building blocks along microtubules to and from the site of assembly at its tip. Dynein-1b motors are required to power retrograde transport and are believed to reach the ciliary tip by kinesin-2–driven anterograde IFT. It is unclear which mechanism prevents a tug-of-war between these oppositely directed microtubule motors. Jordan et al. used cryo–electron tomography to examine the architecture of IFT trains in Chlamydomonas cilia in situ. Their findings revealed the relative positions of IFT motors on anterograde versus retrograde trains.
LUXEMBOURG – Luxembourg on Saturday became the first country in the world to offer free public transport as the small and wealthy EU country tries to help workers who are less well off and reduce road traffic. Some cities elsewhere have already taken similar partial measures, including the Estonian capital, Tallinn. But the transport ministry said it was the first time such a decision covered an entire country. The free transport move, flagged as "an important social measure," affects about 40 percent of the country's households and is projected to save each around €100 ($110) per year. An annual standard pass was worth €440 ($485) before, and travelers can still pay for first-class transport at a cost of €660 a year.