The HoMT workshop at the University of Pennsylvania is a place for presenting work in progress, and this is such work. In the text below, I have omitted references, and mention of "the handout" doesn't mean anything here, except that I have linked to things on the handout that exist on the Web. If you'd like to correspond about the topic and correct or inform me about the use of print-based interfaces, please contact me: nickm at this domain. Update, 1 March 2004: I made several changes, thanks to comments from Tom Van Vleck, whose work I cite in my talk. Update, 20 August 2004: Further work on this topic has resulted in "Continuous Paper: Print Interfaces and Early Computer Writing," a talk given at ISEA. My topic today is what some call "electronic writing," although "computer writing" is also a reasonable term for it.
Eliza Coulson, who is 20 years old, turned her personal experience into award-winning art after she was sexually harassed by a man she had just met. "He made me feel as if it was normal, although I knew I felt uncomfortable," she says. The events contributed to the creation of a project on "self-love, self-worth, and self-empowerment". "I used my art as a means to process what I'd had been through," she says. Now, she uses her art as a means to empower others.
Machine thinking has been tied to language ever since Alan Turing's seminal 1950 publication "Computing Machinery and Intelligence." This paper described the Turing Test--a measure of whether a machine can think. In the Turing Test, a human engages in a text-based chat with an entity it can't see. If that entity is a computer program and it can make the human believe he's talking to another human, it has passed the test. Iterations of the Turing Test, such as the Loebner Prize, still exist, though it's become clear that just because a program can communicate like a human (complete with typos, an abundance of exclamation points, swear words, and slang) doesn't mean it's actually thinking.