After years of hype, 5G wireless networks are now live in cities across the United States. While it will take years for 5G coverage to become as ubiquitous as 4G LTE, the next generation of cellular technology promises to enable significant benefits in certain aspects of smart city deployments. While 5G will not enhance every smart city application beyond what LTE currently provides, it will bring significant benefits to some and will enable a wider range of Internet of Things sensors and devices. "The proliferation of the IoT and the impending development of 5G connectivity will open the floodgates for the first truly smart city," Ian Watterson, CSG's head of Americas and Asia-Pacific, tells ZDNet. "The major impediment to moving the smart city from the theoretical to the practical was the sheer speed and bandwidth to handle the amount of data generated by the IoT and process it in real time. This will be exemplified in everything from public transit to law enforcement."
The world is quickly becoming urbanized. According to the United Nations, 68 percent of the global population will live in cities by 2050. While cities hold most of the world's wealth, they also produce 70 percent of CO2 emissions and consume two-thirds of energy worldwide. As more people move into cities, their sustainability comes into question. To improve urban living and to optimize their resources, cities are folding internet-connected devices into streetlights, municipal infrastructure, parking meters, and more, composing what could be called the "technological" portion of a smart city.
In 2016, 37,461 people died in traffic accidents in the US, a 5.6 percent increase over 2015, according to the US Department of Transportation (DoT). This is down from 1970, when around 60,000 people died in traffic accidents in the US. The addition of safety features such as seat belts and air bags have reduced the number of deaths, and new technology from autonomous vehicles could help even more as driver error is eliminated.
According to techopedia, a smart city is a city that utilizes information and communication technologies so that it enhances the quality and performance of urban services (such as energy and transportation) so that there's a reduction in resource consumption, wastage, and overall costs. In this article, we will look at components of a smart city and its AI-powered- IoT use cases, how AI helps with the adaption of IoT in Smart cities, and an example of AI-powered-IoT solution. Hence, a smart city would be a city that not only possesses ICT but also employs technology in a way that positively impacts the inhabitants. This article is an excerpt taken from the book'Hands-On Artificial Intelligence for IoT' written by Amita Kapoor. The book explores building smarter systems by combining artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things--two of the most talked about topics today.