Artificial Intelligence Set Loose On Old Scientific Papers Discovers Something Humans Missed

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Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) that, with very little training, has made discoveries in material science. To spot what scientists had missed, all the AI had to do was read millions of previously published scientific papers. The AI approach is known as machine learning. It is an algorithm capable of being trained on a particular task until, after many iterations, it can produce something that makes sense. Machine-learning approaches are being used to solve many problems, and this team used it to look for latent knowledge in the world of materials science.


Kahan: "On the Sources of Ordinary Science Knowledge and Ignorance"

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It is impossible to make sense of persistent controversy over certain forms of decision-relevant science without understanding what happens in the vastly greater number of cases in which members of the public converge on the best available evidence without misadventure. In order to live well--or just to live, period--individuals must make use of much more scientific information than any (including a scientist) is in a position to comprehend or verify for him- or herself. They achieve this feat not by acquiring even a rudimentary level of expertise in any of the myriad forms of science essential to their well-being but rather by becoming experts at recognizing what science knows--at identifying who knows what about what, at distinguishing the currency of genuine scientific understanding from the multiplicity of counterfeit alternatives. Their rational recognition of valid science, moreover, is guided by recourse to cues that pervade their everyday interactions with other non-experts, whose own behavior convincingly vouches for the reliability of whatever scientific knowledge their own actions depend on. Cases of persistent controversy over decision-relevance science don't stem from defects in public science comprehension; they are not a result of the failure of scientists to clearly communicate their own technical knowledge; nor are they convincingly attributable to orchestrated deception, as treacherous as such behavior genuinely is.


How To Intelligently Approach Science You May Not Understand

Forbes - Tech

How should a person approach science when he/she doesn't know anything about it? How should a person approach science when he/she doesn't know anything about it? I don't think there's a one-size-fits-all answer to this. But here are some things that I think about when I'm approaching a field I don't know much about. This means that most recent science, except about trivial things, is uncertain.


Difference of Data Science, Machine Learning and Data Mining

@machinelearnbot

The amount of digital data that currently exists is now growing at a rapid pace. The number is doubling every two years and it is completely transforming our basic mode of existence. According to a paper from IBM, about 2.5 billion gigabytes of data had been generated on a daily basis in the year 2012. Another article from Forbes informs us that data is growing at a pace which is faster than ever. The same article suggests that by the year 2020, about 1.7 billion of new information will be developed per second for all the human inhabitants on this planet. As data is growing at a faster pace, new terms associated with processing and handling data are coming up. These include data science, data mining and machine learning. In the following section- we will give you a detailed insight on these terms.


Principle AI Scientist Job in Santa Clara, CA at Ab Ovo

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Description: We are seeking a highly motivated AI scientist to work on exciting AI, machine learning, and data science projects. Job Description Client's Software Lab is looking for an AI scientist to build the next generation AI systems. We seek candidates with a background in computer science (or a related field) and knowledge and experience with AI, machine learning, and deep learning algorithms and frameworks. Responsibilities include design and development of new data products and AI systems, design new AI algorithms, and conducting research to apply AI to solve problems and to improve the performance of existing AI systems. Desired Skills and Experience: PhD in Computer Science or related field (Electrical Engineering, Math, Physics, or Statistics) is required 5-8 years of experience in related field Strong knowledge in machine learning is required Knowledge in deep learning and experience with deep learning frameworks is required Strong programming skills with a scripting language such as Python, Perl, or shell programming are required Experience with a programming language and/or tool for machine learning, such as Python, R, TensorFlow, MXNet, or PyTorch etc. is required Experience and knowledge with reinforcement learning is a plus Experience and knowledge with distributed computing is a plus Publication on premier AI or data conferences is a plus