BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Companies working with artificial intelligence need to install accountability mechanisms to prevent its being misused, the European Commission said on Monday, under new ethical guidelines for a technology open to abuse. AI projects should be transparent, have human oversight and secure and reliable algorithms, and they must be subject to privacy and data protection rules, the commission said, among other recommendations. The European Union initiative taps in to a global debate about when or whether companies should put ethical concerns before business interests, and how tough a line regulators can afford to take on new projects without risking killing off innovation. "The ethical dimension of AI is not a luxury feature or an add-on. It is only with trust that our society can fully benefit from technologies," the Commission digital chief, Andrus Ansip, said in a statement.
BRUSSELS – The guidelines that European Union Council President Donald Tusk is putting to EU members make it clear that withdrawal from the bloc comes ahead of any new relationship with Britain even though the rough outlines such a relationship may partially overlap. In the draft guidelines obtained by the Associated Press, it says that first the EU and Britain must "settle the disentaglement" of Britain from the EU but added that "an overall understanding on the framework for the future relationship could be identified during the second phase of the negotiations under Article 50." The guidelines also say the issue of citizens living in each other's countries is a priority, and call for "flexible and imaginative solutions" for the issue of the U.K.'s land border with Ireland.
President Donald Trump and other administration officials have said that tax cuts will lead to faster economic growth of more than 3 percent from a post-recession average of roughly 2 percent. An analysis of Trump's guidelines by the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton Budget Model suggests that the Trump tax guidelines would cut economic growth by 9 percent through 2040 because it would increase the federal debtload.
A Supreme Court institution has released a revised version of its guidelines for determining the value of child support that are used widely in divorce lawsuits in Japan. The revision to the guidelines, made based on taxation system changes and other factors, was the first in 16 years. The value of monthly child support may increase by some ¥10,000 to ¥20,000 depending on the parents' income levels under the new standards, released by the court's Legal Training and Research Institute of Japan. The guidelines classify children into two groups -- those up to 14 years old and those 15 years old or older -- and show the recommended amount of child support based on the number of children and the income of their parents. The revised guidelines, for example, call on a noncustodial parent with an annual income of ¥5 million to pay between ¥40,000 and ¥60,000 monthly to a parent who raises a 14-year-old child and earns ¥2 million in income annually.
The European Commission will launch a pilot project this summer designed to test ethical guidelines it has developed for the use of artificial intelligence. Companies, public agencies, and other organizations can now join the European AI Alliance which will officially notify members when the pilot starts. "The ethical dimension of AI is not a luxury feature or an add-on," said Vice-President for the Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip in a statement. "It is only with trust that our society can fully benefit from technologies. Ethical AI is a win-win proposition that can become a competitive advantage for Europe: being a leader of human-centric AI that people can trust."