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Consciousness in humans, animals and artificial intelligence

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Two researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have come up with a new theory of consciousness. They have long been exploring the nature of consciousness, the question of how and where the brain generates consciousness, and whether animals also have consciousness. The new concept describes consciousness as a state that is tied to complex cognitive operations – and not as a passive basic state that automatically prevails when we are awake. Professor Armin Zlomuzica from the Behavioral and Clinical Neuroscience research group at RUB and Professor Ekrem Dere, formerly at Université Paris-Sorbonne, now at RUB, describe their theory in the journal Behavioural Brain Research. The printed version will be published on 15 February 2022, the online article has been available since November 2021.


Consciousness in Humans, Animals and Artificial Intelligence - Neuroscience News

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Summary: A new theory suggests consciousness is a state tied to complex cognitive operations, and not a passive basic state that automatically prevails when we are awake. Two researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have come up with a new theory of consciousness. They have long been exploring the nature of consciousness, the question of how and where the brain generates consciousness, and whether animals also have consciousness. The new concept describes consciousness as a state that is tied to complex cognitive operations – and not as a passive basic state that automatically prevails when we are awake. Professor Armin Zlomuzica from the Behavioral and Clinical Neuroscience research group at RUB and Professor Ekrem Dere, formerly at Université Paris-Sorbonne, now at RUB, describe their theory in the journal Behavioural Brain Research.


Pinaki Laskar on LinkedIn: #artificialintelligence #consciousness #platformtheory

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AI Researcher, Cognitive Technologist Inventor - AI Thinking, Think Chain Innovator - AIOT, XAI, Autonomous Cars, IIOT Founder Fisheyebox Spatial Computing Savant, Transformative Leader, Industry X.0 Practitioner Are animals or #artificialintelligence capable of having consciousness? How and where the brain generates #consciousness, The new concept describes consciousness as a state that is tied to complex cognitive operations and not as a passive basic state that automatically prevails when we are awake. There is no consensus regarding the meaning of the term consciousness. The definitions are exceptionally broad and range from the simple processing of sensory information (perceptions), memory related cognitive functions (mental time travel) and meta-cognitions (awareness for self, others, time, and things). The current definitions of different states of consciousness by neuro- and electro-physiological approaches are even less helpful in trying to corner the volatile phenomenon of consciousness.


Consciousness In Humans, Animals And Artificial Intelligence - AI Summary

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"The hypotheses underlying our platform theory of consciousness can be tested in experimental studies," as the authors describe one advantage of their concept over alternative models. The complex cognitive operations that, according to platform theory, are associated with consciousness are applied to mental representations that are maintained and processed. The authors suggest for example the following experiment to test their platform theory: a human, an experimental animal or artificial intelligence is confronted with a novel problem that can only be solved by combining two or more rules learned in a different context. "To what extent an artificial intelligence which is capable of independently solving a new and complex problem for which it has no predefined solution algorithm can likewise be considered conscious has to be tested," point out the authors. The evolution of intellectual capacities has brought forth a continuum of consciousness levels subserved by neuronal networks of varying complexity.


Will we ever have Conscious Machines?

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The question of whether artificial beings or machines could become self-aware or consciousness has been a philosophical question for centuries. The main problem is that self-awareness cannot be observed from an outside perspective and the distinction of whether something is really self-aware or merely a clever program that pretends to do so cannot be answered without access to accurate knowledge about the mechanism's inner workings. We review the current state-of-the-art regarding these developments and investigate common machine learning approaches with respect to their potential ability to become self-aware. We realise that many important algorithmic steps towards machines with a core consciousness have already been devised. For human-level intelligence, however, many additional techniques have to be discovered.