Psychological Effects of Urban Crime Gleaned from Social Media

AAAI Conferences

Exposure to frequent crime incidents has been found to have a negative bearing on the well-being of city residents, even if they are not themselves a direct victim. We pursue the research question of whether naturalistic data shared on Twitter may provide a “lens” to understand changes in psychological attributes of urban communities (1) immediately following crime incidents, as well as (2) due to long-term exposure to crime. We analyze half a million Twitter posts from the City of Atlanta in 2014, where the rate of violent crime is three times of the national average. In a first study, we develop a statistical method to detect changes in social media psychological attributes in the immediate aftermath of a crime event. Second, we develop a regression model that uses historical (yearlong) crime to predict Twitter negative emotion, anxiety, anger, and sadness. We do not find significant changes in social media affect immediately following crime in Atlanta. However we do observe significant ability of historical crime to account for heightened negative emotion and anger in the future. Our findings have implications in gauging the utility of social media to infer longitudinal and population-scale patterns of urban well-being.


Supervised classification for object identification in urban areas using satellite imagery

arXiv.org Machine Learning

This paper presents a useful method to achieve classification in satellite imagery. The approach is based on pixel level study employing various features such as correlation, homogeneity, energy and contrast. In this study gray-scale images are used for training the classification model. For supervised classification, two classification techniques are employed namely the Support Vector Machine (SVM) and the Naive Bayes. With textural features used for gray-scale images, Naive Bayes performs better with an overall accuracy of 76% compared to 68% achieved by SVM. The computational time is evaluated while performing the experiment with two different window sizes i.e., 50x50 and 70x70. The required computational time on a single image is found to be 27 seconds for a window size of 70x70 and 45 seconds for a window size of 50x50.


The downside of machine learning: It helps scammers target 400 companies daily with fake emails - SiliconANGLE

#artificialintelligence

Machine learning has led to breakthroughs such as speech recognition and smart digital assistants such as Alexa. Scammers are now using machine learning tools to mine social media data and target the executive organization chart with fraudulent emails that look and sound like they came from someone inside the company. Cybercriminals have already collected more than $3 billion over the last three years by targeting 400 companies every day, according to recent findings of Symantec Corp. security researchers. "This is one of the biggest deals in the cybercriminal world today," said Vijay Thaware (pictured, left), security response lead for Symantec. Thaware and his Symantec colleague, threat analyst Ankit Singh (right), presented their findings on Wednesday during the first day of the Black Hat USA 2017 cybersecurity conference briefings in Las Vegas.


Machine Learning for OpenCV PACKT Books

#artificialintelligence

Machine Learning is no longer just a buzzword, it is all around us: from protecting your email, to automatically tagging friends in pictures, to predicting what movies you like. Computer vision is one of today's most exciting application fields of Machine Learning, with Deep Learning driving innovative systems such as self-driving cars and Google's DeepMind. OpenCV lies at the intersection of these topics, providing a comprehensive open-source library for classic as well as state-of-the-art computer vision and Machine Learning algorithms. In combination with Python Anaconda, you will have access to all the open-source computing libraries you could possibly ask for. Machine Learning for OpenCV begins by introducing you to the essential concepts of statistical learning, such as classification and regression.


Machine Learning is dead – Long live machine learning!

@machinelearnbot

You may be thinking that this title makes no sense at all. ML, AI, ANN and Deep learning have made it into the everyday lexicon and here I am, proclaiming that ML is dead. The open sourcing of entire ML frameworks marks the end of a phase of rapid development of tools, and thus marks the death of ML as we have known it so far. The next phase will be marked with ubiquitous application of these tools into software applications. And that is how ML will live forever, because it will seamlessly and inextricably integrate into our lives.