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Generative Adversarial Transformers

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

We introduce the GANsformer, a novel and efficient type of transformer, and explore it for the task of visual generative modeling. The network employs a bipartite structure that enables long-range interactions across the image, while maintaining computation of linearly efficiency, that can readily scale to high-resolution synthesis. It iteratively propagates information from a set of latent variables to the evolving visual features and vice versa, to support the refinement of each in light of the other and encourage the emergence of compositional representations of objects and scenes. In contrast to the classic transformer architecture, it utilizes multiplicative integration that allows flexible region-based modulation, and can thus be seen as a generalization of the successful StyleGAN network. We demonstrate the model's strength and robustness through a careful evaluation over a range of datasets, from simulated multi-object environments to rich real-world indoor and outdoor scenes, showing it achieves state-of-the-art results in terms of image quality and diversity, while enjoying fast learning and better data-efficiency. Further qualitative and quantitative experiments offer us an insight into the model's inner workings, revealing improved interpretability and stronger disentanglement, and illustrating the benefits and efficacy of our approach. An implementation of the model is available at https://github.com/dorarad/gansformer.


Hot papers on arXiv from the past month: March 2021

AIHub

Here are the most tweeted papers that were uploaded onto arXiv during March 2021. Results are powered by Arxiv Sanity Preserver. Abstract: We consider the vector embedding problem. We are given a finite set of items, with the goal of assigning a representative vector to each one, possibly under some constraints (such as the collection of vectors being standardized, i.e., have zero mean and unit covariance). We are given data indicating that some pairs of items are similar, and optionally, some other pairs are dissimilar.


stanfordnlp/mac-network

#artificialintelligence

Please note: We have updated the GQA challenge deadline to be May 15. This is the implementation of Compositional Attention Networks for Machine Reasoning (ICLR 2018) on two visual reasoning datasets: CLEVR dataset and the New GQA dataset (CVPR 2019). We propose a fully differentiable model that learns to perform multi-step reasoning. See our website and blogpost for more information about the model! The code supports the standard cell as presented in the paper as well as additional extensions and variants.


Pros and Cons of GAN Evaluation Measures: New Developments

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This work is an update of a previous paper on the same topic published a few years ago. With the dramatic progress in generative modeling, a suite of new quantitative and qualitative techniques to evaluate models has emerged. Although some measures such as Inception Score, Fr\'echet Inception Distance, Precision-Recall, and Perceptual Path Length are relatively more popular, GAN evaluation is not a settled issue and there is still room for improvement. For example, in addition to quality and diversity of synthesized images, generative models should be evaluated in terms of bias and fairness. I describe new dimensions that are becoming important in assessing models, and discuss the connection between GAN evaluation and deepfakes.


A Survey of Deep Learning for Scientific Discovery

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Over the past few years, we have seen fundamental breakthroughs in core problems in machine learning, largely driven by advances in deep neural networks. At the same time, the amount of data collected in a wide array of scientific domains is dramatically increasing in both size and complexity. Taken together, this suggests many exciting opportunities for deep learning applications in scientific settings. But a significant challenge to this is simply knowing where to start. The sheer breadth and diversity of different deep learning techniques makes it difficult to determine what scientific problems might be most amenable to these methods, or which specific combination of methods might offer the most promising first approach. In this survey, we focus on addressing this central issue, providing an overview of many widely used deep learning models, spanning visual, sequential and graph structured data, associated tasks and different training methods, along with techniques to use deep learning with less data and better interpret these complex models --- two central considerations for many scientific use cases. We also include overviews of the full design process, implementation tips, and links to a plethora of tutorials, research summaries and open-sourced deep learning pipelines and pretrained models, developed by the community. We hope that this survey will help accelerate the use of deep learning across different scientific domains.