Artificial intelligence ("AI") is a technical field of computer science that includes machine learning, natural language processing, speech processing, expert systems, robotics and machine vision. The term "artificial intelligence" is sometimes challenged in favor of machine intelligence or machine learning. Machine learning automates decision making using programming rules and in some cases training data sets. Human subject matter experts can provide feedback on results as part of a training process. Machine learning can adapt its programming based on the training process and feedback.
The cyberspace and the development of new technologies, especially intelligent systems using artificial intelligence, present enormous challenges to computer professionals, data scientists, managers and policy makers. There is a need to address professional responsibility, ethical, legal, societal, and policy issues. This paper presents problems and issues relevant to computer professionals and decision makers and suggests a curriculum for a course on ethics, law and policy. Such a course will create awareness of the ethics issues involved in building and using software and artificial intelligence.
The World Intellectual Property Organization has developed a ground-breaking new "artificial intelligence"-based translation tool for patent documents, handing innovators around the world the highest-quality service yet available for accessing information on new technologies. WIPO Translate now incorporates cutting-edge neural machine translation technology to render highly technical patent documents into a second language in a style and syntax that more closely mirrors common usage, out-performing other translation tools built on previous technologies. WIPO has initially "trained" the new technology to translate Chinese, Japanese and Korean patent documents into English. Patent applications in those languages accounted for some 55% of worldwide filings in 20141. Users can already try out the Chinese-English translation facility on the public beta test platform.
We are in the midst of an AI boom, with investment and merger and acquisition activity in the sector increasing exponentially. This new frontier raises various challenges for IP law, where numerous questions exist about whether the existing legal framework is fit for purpose in the age of the intelligent machine. "Artificial intelligence" is generally used to refer to technology that carries out tasks that normally need human intelligence. Here, we focus on machine learning, a subset of AI that enables computers to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. A machine learning system typically comprises a computational model based on an algorithm (or algorithm stack) with a dataset to train it.