New UCI center seeks to empower patients, providers through use of AI in healthcare

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Physicians at the University of California, Irvine and UCI Health System have launched the UCI Center for Artificial Intelligence in Diagnostic Medicine, which seeks to advance patient care, improve health outcomes and lower costs by leveraging machine learning technology in all areas of healthcare. Led by Peter D. Chang, MD, and Daniel S. Chow, MD, neuroradiologists in the Department of Radiological Sciences, UCI School of Medicine, the center is a cross-specialty initiative with a specific focus on developing and applying deep learning neural networks to healthcare applications, such as diagnostics, disease prediction and therapy planning. "Our goal is to empower health care providers, researchers and patients through the use of artificial intelligence in healthcare," said Chang. The Center for Artificial Intelligence in Diagnostic Medicine will provide a central research core that enables all UCI faculty, physicians and researchers, to collaborate on translating AI-based concepts into clinical tools to improve individual and population health. "The center will develop machine learning tools that can be implemented for routine clinical use today," said Chow.


Artificial Intelligence Trends in Eye Care

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more common for screening, diagnosing and helping treat eye conditions. The technology already is used in online search engines, speech recognition tools and other smart devices. Now, AI is showing promise in healthcare. Massive amounts of data and growing computing power are fueling these advanced, algorithm-based technologies. Several studies show the potential for AI to help doctors detect eye disease.


How Artificial Intelligence Could Stop Cancer

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Researchers have developed a series of AI-based systems that can interpret pathology images and identify the presence and absence of metastatic cancer. The AI systems could lead to new and improved diagnostic methods and treatment. A group of researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Harvard Medical School in Boston have teamed up to develop new diagnostic methods based on artificial intelligence (AI). Humayun Irshad, PhD research fellow at Harvard Medical School and one of the lead authors on the research, says that their group is using all kinds of different computational methods to improve diagnostic techniques. "We are developing robust and efficient computational methods to improve diagnostic and prognostic assessment of pathological samples," Irshad says.


The Thallium Diagnostic Workstation: Learning to Diagnose Heart Imagery from Examples

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TDW's catalog of learned rules. The Air Force can disqualify a flier for the loss of 30 percent of the diameter of a coronary artery. However, coronary artery disease often produces no severe symptoms until close to 90 percent of the diameter is lost, making the diagnosis of aeromedically significant coronary artery disease a harder proposition than diagnosing coronary artery disease in a conventional clinical setting. USAFSAM uses thallium imagery to screen fliers suspected of having coronary artery disease. A thallium scan is graded normal, borderline, or abnormal.


What is the potential of artificial intelligence in healthcare?

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Information Age discusses how artificial intelligence is transforming the NHS, and its potential in other sectors too with Charles A. Taylor, founder and chief technology officer at HeartFlow. The potential for AI in healthcare is tremendous as it increasingly becomes integrated into the healthcare ecosystem. AI is transforming the way doctors deliver cost-effective, high-quality diagnostic and treatment services to their patients. For example, the technology can identify patterns and anomalies in diagnostic data from medical scans at a speed and volume that humans are simply unable to replicate. The processing power of AI has applications far beyond providing simple diagnoses.