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Concept-Oriented Deep Learning: Generative Concept Representations

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Generative concept representations have three major advantages over discriminative ones: they can represent uncertainty, they support integration of learning and reasoning, and they are good for unsupervised and semi-supervised learning. We discuss probabilistic and generative deep learning, which generative concept representations are based on, and the use of variational autoencoders and generative adversarial networks for learning generative concept representations, particularly for concepts whose data are sequences, structured data or graphs.


An Introduction to AI

#artificialintelligence

I am Imtiaz Adam, and this article is an introduction to AI key terminologies and methodologies on behalf of myself and DLS (www.dls.ltd). AI deals with the area of developing computing systems which are capable of performing tasks that humans are very good at, for example recognising objects, recognising and making sense of speech, and decision making in a constrained environment. Narrow AI: the field of AI where the machine is designed to perform a single task and the machine gets very good at performing that particular task. However, once the machine is trained, it does not generalise to unseen domains. This is the form of AI that we have today, for example Google Translate.


An Introduction to AI

#artificialintelligence

AI deals with the area of developing computing systems which are capable of performing tasks that humans are very good at, for example recognising objects, recognising and making sense of speech, and decision making in a constrained environment. Narrow AI: the field of AI where the machine is designed to perform a single task and the machine gets very good at performing that particular task. However, once the machine is trained, it does not generalise to unseen domains. This is the form of AI that we have today, for example Google Translate. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI): a form of AI that can accomplish any intellectual task that a human being can do.


A Novel Topology Optimization Approach using Conditional Deep Learning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Topology design optimization offers a tremendous opportunity in design and manufacturing freedoms by designing and producing a part from the ground-up without a meaningful initial design as required by conventional shape design optimization approaches. Ideally, with adequate problem statements, to formulate and solve the topology design problem using a standard topology optimization process, such as SIMP (Simplified Isotropic Material with Penalization) is possible. However, in reality, an estimated over thousands of design iterations is often required for just a few design variables, the conventional optimization approach is, in general, impractical or computationally unachievable for real-world applications significantly diluting the development of the topology optimization technology. There is, therefore, a need for a different approach that will be able to optimize the initial design topology effectively and rapidly. In this study, a novel topology optimization approach based on conditional Wasserstein generative adversarial networks (CWGAN) is developed to replicate the conventional topology optimization algorithms in an extremely computationally inexpensive way. CWGAN consists of a generator and a discriminator, both of which are deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). The limited samples of data, quasi-optimal planar structures, needed for training purposes are generated using the conventional topology optimization algorithms. With CWGANs, the topology optimization conditions can be set to a required value before generating samples.


Generating and designing DNA with deep generative models

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We propose generative neural network methods to generate DNA sequences and tune them to have desired properties. We present three approaches: creating synthetic DNA sequences using a generative adversarial network; a DNA-based variant of the activation maximization ("deep dream") design method; and a joint procedure which combines these two approaches together. We show that these tools capture important structures of the data and, when applied to designing probes for protein binding microarrays, allow us to generate new sequences whose properties are estimated to be superior to those found in the training data. We believe that these results open the door for applying deep generative models to advance genomics research.