A major aid agency said Wednesday that 27.8 million people around the world were internally displaced by conflicts and natural disasters last year, calling it a global crisis. That's as many as the populations of New York City, London, Paris and Cairo combined -- or an average of 66,000 people displaced every day in 2015. SEE ALSO: Here's how you can help during the refugee crisis in Europe A report by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) said that 8.6 million of last year's internally displaced were uprooted by conflict, more than half of them in Syria, Yemen and Iraq. Ibrahim Omar, 45, right, and his children, Aseya, 3, Heyam, 6, Maryam, 10, and 1-year-old Saeed, pose for a photo as they stand next to their father in their room, at an orphanage that has been turned into a center for Yemeni refugees, in Obock, northern Djibouti. The U.N. defines internally displaced persons as those who have been forced to flee or leave their homes due to "the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border."
Ethiopia, Africa's oldest independent country, is one of the West's closest allies in the Horn of Africa. Bordering Kenya, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia, this vast nation is home to about 80 different ethnic groups, many with their own languages and customs. Despite Ethiopia's demographic diversity, the country's power structure in mainly centralised in its capital Addis Ababa, located in the heart of the country. And this is resented by some of Ethiopia's many different ethnic groups. To the far east of the country lies Ethiopia's Somali region.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ambassador Angelina Jolie kicked off her humanitarian work in Africa by visiting refugee girls, who were victims of sexual violence. Brad Pitt's ex also voiced out a strong message for everyone on World Refugee Day. On Tuesday, Jolie visited a Kenyan home that houses the 20 or so refugee girls from Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan and Rwanda. According to a post on the UNHCR website, all of the young girls in the Heshima Kenya Safe House were separated from their families and almost all of them have fled their countries due to "extreme violence." The refugee girls were said to be victims of sexual and gender-based violence in their communities.
Ecosia, a German startup with an internet search engine, today, has brought in enough revenues to enable it to plant 50 million trees. This equates to the removal of 2.5 million tonnes of Co2 from the atmosphere, according to the company. Ecosia has used the profits from advertisements on its search engine to plant trees in Kenya, Brazil, Indonesia, Spain, Tanzania, Madagascar, Colombia, Peru, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Haiti, Morocco, Ethiopia, Uganda, Ghana and Nicaragua. Ecosia has partnered with Bing, Microsoft's search engine, to get results for users, but receives a majority portion of any revenues. After covering its internal costs, everything left goes towards planting trees; Ecosia is a non-profit organization.
The EU currently has an agreement allowing the return of asylum seekers only with Turkey. If approved, the proposal could enable such transfers to other places as well, including south of the Mediterranean, diplomats said. The EU is already talking to Libya, Tunisia and Egypt about curbing immigration to Europe.