On December 2nd, 2020 the President of the Government of Spain, Pedro Sánchez, presented the National Artificial Intelligence Strategy (Estrategia Nacional de Inteligencia Artificial (ENIA)). The strategy aims to create an environment of trust regarding the development of inclusive, sustainable artificial intelligence (AI) that places people at its heart. Spain's ENIA seeks to place Spain in line with leading countries in the research and use of reliable AI to serve economic and social development. Besides, support programmes will be launched for companies to incorporate AI in productive processes and value chains. The'Next Tech Fund' will be launched with public-private venture capital to boost digital entrepreneurship and the growth of companies.
Last month finally brought good news for science in Spain. Newly elected prime minister Pedro Sánchez named Spanish astronaut and aeronautical engineer Pedro Duque as head of a new Ministry for Science, Innovation, and Universities. This will hopefully put Spanish research and development (R&D) back on the country's political agenda after two legislatures in which science languished under the Ministry of Economy. Given the minority position of the ruling party in both chambers of Congress, Duque will face extraordinary challenges to increase the budget. But the creation of this new ministry is an encouraging first step.
Is my organisation a member? The Whitehall & Industry Group's AI Collaboration Forum will bring together a wide audience from our 230 members, spanning the private, public and not-for-profit sectors, as well as academic institutions. Supported by the Office for Artificial Intelligence and kindly hosted by EY. The agenda will explore the vital role of cross-sector collaboration to ensure the endless possibilities of AI are harnessed and regulated effectively, generating maximum positive economic and societal impacts for the UK. Holding a BSc in Computer Science and an MBA from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sana Khareghani has over 20 years' experience in technology and business across the private and public sectors.
The AI Group of experts at the OECD (AIGO) completed its recommendations in meetings at the World Government Summit in Dubai earlier in February. "The contributions of the AI expert group mark an important milestone in our efforts to ensure that governments and people share the economic and social benefits of AI and understand and minimise the risks," said Andrew Wyckoff, director of the OECD's Science, Technology and Innovation Directorate, which is spearheading the work. The recommendations cover a broad range of public and private policy matters that are being transformed by artificial intelligence systems. They include a common understanding of AI concepts including: what is an AI system? What is the AI system lifecycle?
Neuromorphic, evolutionary, or fuzzylike systems have been developed by many research groups in the Spanish computer sciences. It is no surprise, then, that these naturegrounded efforts start to emerge, enriching the AI catalogue of research projects and publications and, eventually, leading to new directions of basic or applied research. In this article, we review the contribution of Melomics in computational creativity. In Spain there are 74 universities, many of which have computer science departments that host AIrelated research groups. AEPIA, the Spanish society for AI research, was founded in 1983 and has been vigorously promoting the advancement of AI since then. Along with several other societies and communities of interest, it promotes various periodic conferences and workshops. The Artificial Intelligence Research Institute (IIIA) of the Spanish National Research Council constitutes one of the flagships of local AI research. Ramón López de Mántaras, IIIA's renowned director, was one of the pioneers of AI in Spain, and he also was the recipient of the prestigious AAAI Englemore Award in 2011. Other researchers that have reached an outstanding position, and lead important research groups in Spain, include Antonio Bahamonde (University of Oviedo), Federico Barber (Polytechnic University of Madrid), Vicent Botti (Polytechnic University of Valencia), and Amparo Vila (University of Granada). This department, with more than one hundred faculty members, is organized in several research groups, three of which maintain active AI research lines. Melomics is a new approach in artificial creativity (for a perspective on this discipline, see the 2009 fall issue of AI Magazine). More specifically, it focuses on algorithmic composition and aims at the full automation of the composition process of professional music.