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It would be impossible to pull the plug on AI that wanted to harm humans, scientists warn

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The idea of an artificial intelligence (AI) uprising may sound like the plot of a science-fiction film, but the notion is a topic of a new study that finds it is possible and we would not be able to stop it. A team of international scientists designed a theoretical containment algorithm that ensures a super-intelligent system could not harm people under any circumstance, by simulating the AI and blocking it from wrecking havoc on humanity. However, the analysis shows current algorithms do not have the ability to halt AI, because commanding the system to not destroy the world would inadvertently halt the algorithm's own operations. Iyad Rahwan, Director of the Center for Humans and Machines, said: 'If this happened, you would not know whether the containment algorithm is still analyzing the threat, or whether it has stopped to contain the harmful AI.' 'In effect, this makes the containment algorithm unusable.' AI has been fascinating humans for years, as we are in awe by machines that control cars, compose symphonies or beat the world's best chess player at their own game.


AI Dangers

Communications of the ACM

In January 2015, a host of prominent figures in high tech and science and experts in artificial intelligence (AI) published a piece called "Research Priorities for Robust and Beneficial Artificial Intelligence: An Open Letter," calling for research on the societal impacts of AI. Unfortunately, the media grossly distorted and hyped the original formulation into doomsday scenarios. Nonetheless, some thinkers do warn of serious dangers posed by AI, tacitly invoking the notion of a Technological Singularity (first suggested by Good8) to ground their fears. According to this idea, computational machines will improve in competence at an exponential rate. They will reach the point where they correct their own defects and program themselves to produce artificial superintelligent agents that far surpass human capabilities in virtually every cognitive domain.


Security & Risk of Artificial Intelligence - Internetseekho

#artificialintelligence

In this article you'll learn the fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to solve real-world problems and the way to apply them. All the technology position, from SIRI to self-driving cars, web search, face recognition, industrial robots, missile guidance and artificial intelligence (AI) is developing rapidly with the time. Whereas science fiction often portrays AI as robots with human-like characteristics, AI can easily grid anything from Google's search algorithm to IBM's Watson to self-governing weapons. Today Artificial Intelligence is known as narrow AI or weak AI that is designed to perform a narrow task. For example only facial recognition, internet searches or only just driving car task are performed.


Smart Machines Are Not a Threat to Humanity

Communications of the ACM

Concerns have recently been widely expressed that artificial intelligence presents a threat to humanity. For instance, Stephen Hawking is quoted in Cellan-Jones1 as saying: "The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race." Similar concerns have also been expressed by Elon Musk, Steve Wozniak, and others. Such concerns have a long history. John von Neumann is quoted by Stanislaw Ulam8 as the first to use the term the singularitya--the point at which artificial intelligence exceeds human intelligence.


A.I. Is the Cause Of -- And Solution To -- the End of the World

#artificialintelligence

Asteroids, supervolcanoes, nuclear war, climate change, engineered viruses, artificial intelligence, and even aliens -- the end may be closer than you think. For the next two weeks, OneZero will be featuring essays drawn from editor Bryan Walsh's forthcoming book End Times: A Brief Guide to the End of the World, which hits shelves on August 27 and is available for pre-order now, as well as pieces by other experts in the burgeoning field of existential risk. It's up to us to postpone the apocalypse. There is no easy definition for artificial intelligence, or A.I. Scientists can't agree on what constitutes "true A.I." versus what might simply be a very effective and fast computer program. But here's a shot: intelligence is the ability to perceive one's environment accurately and take actions that maximize the probability of achieving given objectives.