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### Spectral Clustering – How Math is Redefining Decision Making

In today's world of big data and the internet of things, it is common for a business to find itself sitting atop a mountain of data. Possessing it is one thing, but leveraging it for data driven decision making is a much different ball game. Gut-feelings and institutionalized heuristics have traditionally been used to guide development of protocol and decision making, but the world of artificial intelligence and big disparate data is changing that. Everyone is trying to make sense of, and extract value from, their data. Those that are not will be left behind.

### Understanding K-means Clustering in Machine Learning

K-means clustering is one of the simplest and popular unsupervised machine learning algorithms. Typically, unsupervised algorithms make inferences from datasets using only input vectors without referring to known, or labelled, outcomes. AndreyBu, who has more than 5 years of machine learning experience and currently teaches people his skills, says that "the objective of K-means is simple: group similar data points together and discover underlying patterns. To achieve this objective, K-means looks for a fixed number (k) of clusters in a dataset." A cluster refers to a collection of data points aggregated together because of certain similarities.

### Understanding K-means Clustering in Machine Learning

K-means clustering is one of the simplest and popular unsupervised machine learning algorithms. Typically, unsupervised algorithms make inferences from datasets using only input vectors without referring to known, or labelled, outcomes. AndreyBu, who has more than 5 years of machine learning experience and currently teaches people his skills, says that "the objective of K-means is simple: group similar data points together and discover underlying patterns. To achieve this objective, K-means looks for a fixed number (k) of clusters in a dataset." A cluster refers to a collection of data points aggregated together because of certain similarities. You'll define a target number k, which refers to the number of centroids you need in the dataset.

### Exploring Clustering Algorithms: Explanation and Use Cases - neptune.ai

Clustering (cluster analysis) is grouping objects based on similarities. Clustering can be used in many areas, including machine learning, computer graphics, pattern recognition, image analysis, information retrieval, bioinformatics, and data compression. Clusters are a tricky concept, which is why there are so many different clustering algorithms. Different cluster models are employed, and for each of these cluster models, different algorithms can be given. Clusters found by one clustering algorithm will definitely be different from clusters found by a different algorithm. Grouping an unlabelled example is called clustering. As the samples are unlabelled, clustering relies on unsupervised machine learning. If the examples are labeled, then it becomes classification. Knowledge of cluster models is fundamental if you want to understand the differences between various cluster algorithms, and in this article, we're going to explore this topic in depth.

### Introduction to Image Segmentation with K-Means clustering

Image segmentation is an important step in image processing, and it seems everywhere if we want to analyze what's inside the image. For example, if we seek to find if there is a chair or person inside an indoor image, we may need image segmentation to separate objects and analyze each object individually to check what it is. Image segmentation usually serves as the pre-processing before pattern recognition, feature extraction, and compression of the image. Image segmentation is the classification of an image into different groups. Many kinds of research have been done in the area of image segmentation using clustering.