Collaborating Authors

Essential Cybersecurity Science - Programmer Books


If you're involved in cybersecurity as a software developer, forensic investigator, or network administrator, this practical guide shows you how to apply the scientific method when assessing techniques for protecting your information systems. You'll learn how to conduct scientific experiments on everyday tools and procedures, whether you're evaluating corporate security systems, testing your own security product, or looking for bugs in a mobile game. Once author Josiah Dykstra gets you up to speed on the scientific method, he helps you focus on standalone, domain-specific topics, such as cryptography, malware analysis, and system security engineering. The latter chapters include practical case studies that demonstrate how to use available tools to conduct domain-specific scientific experiments.

Automation could accelerate China's scientific rise, close gap with U.S.


"We're in the middle of a paradigm shift, a time when the choice of experiments and the execution of experiments are not really things that people do," says Bob Murphy, the head of the computational biology department at Carnegie Mellon University. Details: Experimental science is expensive. In biology, for example, pricey equipment and labor mean that scientists can't do all the experiments they would like. Instead, they have to prioritize the ones they think will give them the most information about the questions they are after, and then extrapolate to estimate the outcomes of the experiments they didn't do. Automating science makes it easier to do big experiments, allowing more people to participate -- and potentially boosting the scientific output of countries that have traditionally trailed the U.S.

Science Has Failed


Science, as the steward of human knowledge and wisdom, has failed. Science is a philosophical construct designed to make it impossible to find the truth. And this is by design, not by accident. It begins with Karl Popper (28 July 1902 – 17 September 1994). Popper's philosophy is at the heart of the development of the scientific method as taught today.

How Much Scientific Research Is Wasted?

Forbes - Tech

A week or two ago, my social-media feeds featured a bunch of re-shares of an article headlined "Scientists have outlined an 8-page plan to fix what's wrong with science." The plan in question is "A manifesto for reproducible science," published as an open-access article in a Nature offshoot, by a list of scientists including John Ioannidis, who's (in)famous for "Why Most Published Research Findings Are False" some years back. In the same way that people tend to use "physics" as short for "high-energy physics and astrophysics," "science" here is being used as short for "biomedical science," and most of the recommendations are fairly specific to the conduct of clinical trials. The recommendations are, on the whole, pretty good, though of limited relevance to my own field of physics. But research has shown that as much as 85 percent of biomedical research is a waste of time.

How AI Can Help Weed Out Faulty Scientific Research


How can scientists restore confidence in their findings? Manually repeating all published experiments would be a straightforward solution, but "it's completely unaffordable," says Kellogg professor Brian Uzzi. Instead, since 2015, scientists have identified a technique called "prediction markets," which can forecast replicability with high accuracy. But the process only works on small batches of studies and can take nearly a year to complete. Uzzi wondered if artificial intelligence could provide a better shortcut.