The Muslim holy month of Ramadan will begin either on the eve of May 15 or May 16, depending on the sighting of the Moon. The first day of Ramadan is often observed on different days, contingent on the local visibility of the Moon. In the United States and in Europe, Muslim communities rely on astronomical calculations and will thus observe Ramadan from the eve of May 15, with the first day for fasting being May 16. While Saudi Arabia and most Arab countries are expected to sight the Moon on May 15, Morocco, Iran and Pakistan may see it on the following day because they started the current lunar month one day later. Astronomers calculate that Ramadan's new Moon will be born on May 15 at 11:47 GMT, but its visibility on the first night may only be possible with specialised equipment.
Moon sighters in Saudi Arabia and other Muslim-majority countries were unable to sight the moon last night and have thus announced that Shaban, the last lunar month before Ramadan, will start on Thursday evening. So far Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Libya, Tunia, Syria have officially confirmed the same. The Muslim holy month of Ramadan will begin either on Saturday, May 27 or on Sunday, May 28, depending on moon sighting on the eve of May 27. If the moon is not visible the month will last 30 days. By the Gregorian solar calendar, Ramadan comes 11 to 12 days earlier each year.
Saudi Arabia's High Judicial Court has announced that, based on confirmed sightings of Ramadan's new moon crescent, the first day of Ramadan 1438 fasting will be Saturday, May 27. Arab Gulf countries also confirmed Saturday as the first day of Ramadan, while Bangladesh, Pakistan and India declared Sunday May 28 to be their first day of Ramadan. As per tradition, the sighting of the new moon marks the beginning of the Muslim lunar month of Ramadan. Turkey and Muslim communities in America and Europe previously announced they will observe Ramadan fasting from May 27, based on astronomic calculations. In Muslim-majority countries, offices are required by law to reduce working hours, and many restaurants are closed during daylight hours in Ramadan.
Muslims around the world are preparing for the end of the long month of fasting to celebrate Eid al-Fitr. The end of the holy month of Ramadan will be either June 25 or 26, depending on when the new moon is seen. Muslims depend on moon sightings to announce the end of Ramadan, which means different countries celebrate Eid al-Fitr on different dates. Each month in the Islamic calendar (which consists of 12 months) commences with a new lunar cycle. The date for Eid al-Fitr, the first day of the month that follows Ramadan, is determined based on the sighting of the new moon.
Muslims across the country are preparing for the end of Ramadan to celebrate Eid al-Fitr. The end of the holy month will be either June 15 or 16, depending on when the new moon is seen. Eid al-Fitr, which means "festival of breaking the fast," is traditionally a three-day festival that marks the end of fasting. Ramadan is one of the five pillars of the Islamic faith. Official public holidays for Eid al-Fitr vary from one to three days across Muslim-majority nations.