Like a film critic asked if the Oscars got it right this year, one has to feel a sense of standing too close to the frame, the field of vision too narrow to provide the context necessary for proper judgment. After spending an afternoon among the various installations that comprise "Thinking Machines: Art and Design in the Computer Age: 1959–1989," I wonder if this anxiety applied to the team tasked with creating this exhibit. In this case, I think not. Here, closeness to the frame is a virtue, not a vice.
"If you've created a conscious machine," says Caleb to Nathan toward the beginning of Ex Machina, when Caleb discovers Nathan is on the verge of creating an artificial intelligence indistinguishable from human intelligence, "it's not the history of man. Ex Machina, written and directed by Alex Garland, is an intriguing film about the wonders and dangers of artificial intelligence (AI). Garland's tale is stylishly told, beautifully photographed, and aided by a clever script that subverts standard cinematic clichés. It is also suffused with religious themes and theological motifs--unsurprisingly, because ever since Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, the prospect of human beings creating human-like beings of their own has almost invariably raised the issue of "playing God." In Ex Machina, Caleb is a computer coder brought to Nathan's secret research facility to apply the Turing Test to Nathan's AI--that is, to test whether a human interacting with the robot would be able to tell that the AI is non-human.
By using this "Contrivance," "the most ignorant Person at a reasonable Charge, and with a little bodily Labour, may write Books in Philosophy, Poetry, Politicks, Law, Mathematicks, and Theology, with the least Assistance from Genius or study." Bayesian inference will become a leading approach in machine learning. The boat was equipped with, as Tesla described, "a borrowed mind." The word "robot" comes from the word "robota" (work). It features a robot double of a peasant girl, Maria, which unleashes chaos in Berlin of 2026--it was the first robot depicted on film, inspiring the Art Deco look of C-3PO in Star Wars.
In the TV show --Westworld,-- artificially intelligent (AI) robots built to look and act exactly like humans take guests through different narratives of an old-west-styled amusement park in order to help them live out their fantasies -- whether promiscuous, adventurous, or deadly. In episode two of the show, one robot--s glitch gives --Westworld-- employees pause, causing them to decommission it. A scientist in the programming division suggests this glitch may be contagious, --so to speak,-- and could infect other robots, or --hosts-- as they call them in the show. This theory is denied by her superior, but later in the episode, the daughter of the decommissioned robot is shown seemingly infecting another host with "consciousness" by repeating what could--be a trigger phrase:--"These violent delights have violent ends." All of this seems like an eerie (and perhaps, impossible) peek into the future, but Christopher Atkeson, a professor at the Robotics Institute and Human-Computer Interaction Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, told INSIDER that simulated consciousness already exists in products such as Amazon Echo and the iPhone--s Siri, and that AI systems infecting other AI systems is not a hypothetical scenario.