To give you an example of the impact of machine learning, Man group's AHL Dimension programme is a $5.1 billion dollar hedge fund which is partially managed by AI. After it started off, by the year 2015, its machine learning algorithms were contributing more than half of the profits of the fund even though the assets under its management were far less. After reading this blog, you would be able to understand the basic logic behind some popular and incredibly resourceful machine learning algorithms which have been used by the trading community as well as serve as the foundation stone on which you step on to create the best machine learning algorithm. Initially developed in statistics to study the relationship between input and output numerical variables, it was adopted by the machine learning community to make predictions based on the linear regression equation. The mathematical representation of linear regression is a linear equation that combines a specific set of input data (x) to predict the output value (y) for that set of input values.
Before we start this article on machine learning basics, let us take an example to understand the impact of machine learning in the world. We can safely assume that machine learning has been a dominant force in today's world and has accelerated our progress in all fields. No matter which industry you look at, machine learning has dramatically altered it. Let's take an example from the world of trading. Man Group's AHL Dimension programme is a $5.1 billion dollar hedge fund which is partially managed by AI. After it started off, by the year 2015, its machine learning algorithms were contributing more than half of the profits of the fund even though the assets under its management were far less. Machine learning has become a hot topic today, with professionals all over the world signing up for ML or AI courses for fear of being left behind. But exactly what is machine learning? It will be clear to you when you have reached the end of this article. Machine Learning, as the name suggests, provides machines with the ability to learn autonomously based on experiences, observations and analysing patterns within a given data set without explicitly programming. When we write a program or a code for some specific purpose, we are actually writing a definite set of instructions which the machine will follow. Whereas in machine learning, we input a data set through which the machine will learn by identifying and analysing the patterns in the data set and learn to take decisions autonomously based on its observations and learnings from the dataset.
Algorithms are the smart and powerful soldier of a complex machine learning model. In other words, machine learning algorithms are the core foundation when we play with data or when it's come to training the model. In this article, you and I are going on a tour called "7 major machine learning algorithms and their application " The purpose of this tour is to either brush up the mind or to gain an essential understanding of machine learning algorithm. We will find the major answer in this tour like for what purpose machine learning algorithms works, where to use them, when to use them and how to use them. Before getting deeper let's have a brief introduction. Machine learning algorithms are mainly classified into 3 broad categories i.e supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning. In supervised learning machine learning algorithms, the machine is taught by example. Here the operator provides the machine learning algorithm with the dataset. This dataset includes desired inputs and outputs variables. By the use of these set of variables, we generate a function that map inputs to desired outputs.
KNN can easily be mapped to our real lives. If you want to learn about a person, of whom you have no information, you might like to find out about his close friends and the circles he moves in and gain access to his/her information! It is a type of unsupervised algorithm which solves the clustering problem. Its procedure follows a simple and easy way to classify a given data set through a certain number of clusters (assume k clusters). Data points inside a cluster are homogeneous and heterogeneous to peer groups. Remember figuring out shapes from ink blots?
Machine learning paradigm is ruled by a simple theorem known as "No Free Lunch" theorem. According to this, there is no algorithm in ML which will work best for all the problems. To state, one can not conclude that SVM is a better algorithm than decision trees or linear regression. Selection of an algorithm is dependent on the problem at hand and other factors like the size and structure of the dataset. In this blog, we are going to look into the top machine learning algorithms.