In 1983, the IBM PC XT debuted with 128K of RAM and a 10MB hard disk. In that same year, the first mobile phone debuted weighing about 2.5 pounds and with a $4,000 price tag. Fast forward to today and the average person unlocks their smartphone 76-80 times a day and relies on it for every aspect of their lives. These amazing pieces of hardware are millions of times more capable than all of NASA's computing power in the 1960s. Now that we have a supercomputer that never leaves people's sides, maybe it's time that we do some more innovation and see how that device can be used for "mobile health".
It can be difficult to communicate when you can only move your eyes, as is often the case for people with ALS (also known as motor neurone disease). Microsoft researchers have developed an app to make talking with your eyes easier, called GazeSpeak. GazeSpeak runs on a smartphone and uses artificial intelligence to convert eye movements into speech, so a conversation partner can understand what is being said in real time. The app runs on the listener's device. They point their smartphone at the speaker as if they are taking a photo.
The University of Cambridge professor was an iconic figure in both the scientific community and in popular culture, known for his keen mind and humor, as well as his striking physical challenges. Dr. Hawking had long battled with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which left him wheelchair-bound for most of his life. Commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease or motor neuron disease, the condition damages the nerves that control movement and results in paralysis. Patients with ALS typically die within five years of diagnosis. Dr. Hawking, who was diagnosed in 1963 at the age of 21, is believed to have been the longest-living survivor, a fact that still perplexes neurologists.
Parents can now download an iPhone app to screen their children for autism. The tool uses the phone's camera to track the child's facial movement as they watch short clips on the screen. Specially-designed coding software detects tell-tale movements in the child's face that are signs of the disorder, which could takes weeks of sessions for trained medical professionals to spot. The app is expected to reignite controversy between the United States Preventive Services Task Force and the American Academy of Pediatrics, which disagree on screening. The USPSTF warns against widespread screening of children for autism, after a review found it leads to more false positives and hydochondria.
Rodriguez, Marcela (Autonomous University of Baja California) | Navarro, Rene (Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada) | Favela, Jesus (Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada) | Hoey, Jesse (University of Waterloo)
Wandering is a problematic behavior that is common among people with dementia (PwD), and is highly influenced by the elders’ background and by contextual factors specific to the situation. We have developed the Ambient Augmented Memory System (AAMS) to support the caregiver to implement interventions based on providing external memory aids to the PwD. To provide a successful intervention, it is required to use an individualized approach that considers the context of the PwD situation. To reach this end, we extended the AAMS system to include an ontological model to support the context-aware tailoring of interventions for wandering. In this paper, we illustrate the ontology flexibility to personalize the AAMS system to support direct and indirect interventions for wandering through mobile devices.