Artificial intelligence (AI) is bridging the gap between technology and humans by allowing machines to automatically learn things from data and become more'human-like'; thus, becoming more'intelligent'. In this case, intelligence can be considered to be the ability to process information which can be used to inform future decisions. This is ideal because humans can spontaneously put information together by recognizing old patterns, developing new connections, and perceiving something that they have learnt in a new light to develop new and effective processes. When combined with a machine's computational power, tremendous results can be achieved. The combination of automatic learning and computational efficiency can best be described by deep learning.