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Neural Architecture Search in Embedding Space

arXiv.org Machine Learning

The neural architecture search (NAS) algorithm with reinforcement learning can be a powerful and novel framework for the automatic discovering process of neural architectures. However, its application is restricted by noncontinuous and high-dimensional search spaces, which result in difficulty in optimization. To resolve these problems, we proposed NAS in embedding space (NASES), which is a novel framework. Unlike other NAS with reinforcement learning approaches that search over a discrete and high-dimensional architecture space, this approach enables reinforcement learning to search in an embedding space by using architecture encoders and decoders. The current experiment demonstrated that the performance of the final architecture network using the NASES procedure is comparable with that of other popular NAS approaches for the image classification task on CIFAR-10. The beneficial-performance and effectiveness of NASES was impressive even when only the architecture-embedding searching and pre-training controller were applied without other NAS tricks such as parameter sharing. Specifically, considerable reduction in searches was achieved by reducing the average number of searching to 100 architectures to achieve a final architecture for the NASES procedure. Introduction Deep neural networks have enabled advances in image recognition, sequential pattern recognition, recommendation systems, and various tasks in the past decades.


CNN Architectures, a Deep-dive

#artificialintelligence

VGG Net is a plain and straight forward CNN architecture among all other. Thought it looks simple, it do outperform many complex architectures. It is the 1st runner-up in ImageNet Challenge in 2014. As shown above, there are totally 6 VGGNet Architectures. Among them, VGG-16 and VGG-19 are popular.


Concise Visual Summary of Deep Learning Architectures

@machinelearnbot

With new neural network architectures popping up every now and then, it's hard to keep track of them all. AEs, simply map whatever they get as input to the closest training sample they "remember". RNNs sometimes refer to recursive neural networks, but most of the time they refer to recurrent neural networks. Many abbreviations also vary in the amount of "N"s to add at the end, because you could call it a convolutional neural network but also simply a convolutional network (resulting in CNN or CN).


Auto-GNN: Neural Architecture Search of Graph Neural Networks

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Graph neural networks (GNN) has been successfully applied to operate on the graph-structured data. Given a specific scenario, rich human expertise and tremendous laborious trials are usually required to identify a suitable GNN architecture. It is because the performance of a GNN architecture is significantly affected by the choice of graph convolution components, such as aggregate function and hidden dimension. Neural architecture search (NAS) has shown its potential in discovering effective deep architectures for learning tasks in image and language modeling. However, existing NAS algorithms cannot be directly applied to the GNN search problem. First, the search space of GNN is different from the ones in existing NAS work. Second, the representation learning capacity of GNN architecture changes obviously with slight architecture modifications. It affects the search efficiency of traditional search methods. Third, widely used techniques in NAS such as parameter sharing might become unstable in GNN. To bridge the gap, we propose the automated graph neural networks (AGNN) framework, which aims to find an optimal GNN architecture within a predefined search space. A reinforcement learning based controller is designed to greedily validate architectures via small steps. AGNN has a novel parameter sharing strategy that enables homogeneous architectures to share parameters, based on a carefully-designed homogeneity definition. Experiments on real-world benchmark datasets demonstrate that the GNN architecture identified by AGNN achieves the best performance, comparing with existing handcrafted models and tradistional search methods.


Artificial Intelligence, AI in 2018 and beyond – Towards Data Science

#artificialintelligence

These are my opinions on where deep neural network and machine learning is headed in the larger field of artificial intelligence, and how we can get more and more sophisticated machines that can help us in our daily routines.