We develop an algorithm that can detect pneumonia from chest X-rays at a level exceeding practicing radiologists. Our algorithm, CheXNet, is a 121-layer convolutional neural network trained on ChestX-ray14, currently the largest publicly available chest X-ray dataset, containing over 100,000 frontal-view X-ray images with 14 diseases. Four practicing academic radiologists annotate a test set, on which we compare the performance of CheXNet to that of radiologists. We find that CheXNet exceeds average radiologist performance on the F1 metric. We extend CheXNet to detect all 14 diseases in ChestX-ray14 and achieve state of the art results on all 14 diseases.
The MIMIC-CXR dataset is (to date) the largest released chest x-ray dataset consisting of 473,064 chest x-rays and 206,574 radiology reports collected from 63,478 patients. We present the results of training and evaluating a collection of deep convolutional neural networks on this dataset to recognize multiple common thorax diseases. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that trains CNNs for this task on such a large collection of chest x-ray images, which is over four times the size of the largest previously released chest x-ray corpus (ChestX-Ray14). We describe and evaluate individual CNN models trained on frontal and lateral CXR view types. In addition, we present a novel DualNet architecture that emulates routine clinical practice by simultaneously processing both frontal and lateral CXR images obtained from a radiological exam. Our DualNet architecture shows improved performance in recognizing findings in CXR images when compared to applying separate baseline frontal and lateral classifiers.
An algorithm developed by researchers at Stanford University proved more effective than human radiologists in diagnosing cases of pneumonia. Much research has been shared on the potential of Artificial Intelligence applied to medicine, and in some cases, can reach a level of accuracy that exceeds the performance of professionals.