It's easy to understand the importance of NLP given the number of applications for it--question-and-answer (Q&A) systems, translation of text from one language to another, automatic summarization (of long texts into short summaries), grammar analysis and recommendation, sentiment analysis, and much more. This technology is even more important today given the massive amount of unstructured data generated daily in the context of news, social media, scientific and technical papers, and the variety of other sources in our connected world. Today, when we ask Alexa or Siri a question, we don't think about the complexity involved in recognizing speech, understanding the meaning of the question, and ultimately providing a response. Recent advances in state-of-the-art NLP models, BERT, and BERT's lighter successor ALBERT from Google is setting new benchmarks in the industry and allowing researchers to increase training speed of the models. In the mid-1950s, IBM sparked tremendous excitement for language understanding through what was called the Georgetown experiment, a joint development project between IBM and Georgetown University.
The abundance of knowledge and resources can be at times overwhelming specifically when you are talking about new age technologies like Natural Language Processing or what we popularly call it as NLP. When trying to educate yourself, you should always choose resources with solid base and fresh books to impart unprecedented package of learnings. Here is the list of top books that can help you expand your NLP knowledge. One of the most widely referenced and recommended NLP books, written by Stanford University professor Dan Jurafsky and University of Colorado professor James Martin, provides a deep-dive guide on the subject of language processing. It's intended to accompany undergraduate or advanced graduate courses in Natural Language Processing or Computational Linguistics. However, it's a must-read for anyone diving into the theory and application of language processing as they grow and strengthen their analytics capabilities.
Leverage Natural Language Processing (NLP) in Python and learn how to set up your own robust environment for performing text analytics. The second edition of this book will show you how to use the latest state-of-the-art frameworks in NLP, coupled with Machine Learning and Deep Learning to solve real-world case studies leveraging the power of Python. This edition has gone through a major revamp introducing several major changes and new topics based on the recent trends in NLP. We have a dedicated chapter around Python for NLP covering fundamentals on how to work with strings and text data along with introducing the current state-of-the-art open-source frameworks in NLP. We have a dedicated chapter on feature engineering representation methods for text data including both traditional statistical models and newer deep learning based embedding models.
The field of study that focuses on the interactions between human language and computers is called Natural Language Processing, or NLP for short. It sits at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics (Wikipedia). "Nat ur al Lan guage Pro cessing is a field that cov ers com puter un der stand ing and ma nip u la tion of hu man lan guage, and it's ripe with pos sib il it ies for news gath er ing," Anthony Pesce said in Natural Language Processing in the kitchen. "You usu ally hear about it in the con text of ana lyz ing large pools of legis la tion or other doc u ment sets, at tempt ing to dis cov er pat terns or root out cor rup tion." NLP is a way for computers to analyze, understand, and derive meaning from human language in a smart and useful way.