This research report introduces the generation of textual entailment within the project CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication), an interactive web-based human-computer dialogue system with natural language for English instruction. The generation of textual entailment (GTE) is critical to the further improvement of CSIEC project. Up to now we have found few literatures related with GTE. Simulating the process that a human being learns English as a foreign language we explore our naive approach to tackle the GTE problem and its algorithm within the framework of CSIEC, i.e. rule annotation in NLML, pattern recognition (matching), and entailment transformation. The time and space complexity of our algorithm is tested with some entailment examples. Further works include the rules annotation based on the English textbooks and a GUI interface for normal users to edit the entailment rules.
A team of researchers at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Harvard Medical School (HMS) in Boston have been working on developing artificial intelligence (AI) tools with potential to significantly change and improve accuracy in cancer and other disease diagnosis. Noting that pathology methods for diagnosing disease have stayed largely the same for the past 100 years with tissue samples manually reviewed under a microscope, the investigative work suggests diagnostic accuracy can be improved by using computers to interpret pathology images. "Our AI method is based on deep learning, a machine-learning algorithm used for a range of applications including speech recognition and image recognition," said Dr. Andrew Beck director of Bioinformatics at the Cancer Research Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in press release. Beck, who is also an associate professor at Harvard Medical School said the approach teaches machines to interpret the complex patterns and structure observed in real-life data by building multi-layer artificial neural networks thought to be similar to how the learning occurs in the brain neocortex, where thinking occurs. The Beck lab's approach was recently tested in a competition at the annual meeting of the International Symposium of Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) held in Prague, Czech Republic, in April.
CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication), is not only an intelligent web-based human-computer dialogue system with natural language for English instruction, but also a learning assessment system for learners and teachers. Its multiple functions—including grammar-based gap filling exercises, scenario show, free chatting and chatting on a given topic—can satisfy the various requirements for students with different backgrounds and learning abilities. After a brief explanation of the conception of our dialogue system, as well as a survey of related works, we will illustrate the system structure, and describe its pedagogical functions with the underlying AI techniques in detail such as NLP and rule-based reasoning. We will summarize the free Internet usage within a six month period and its integration into English classes in universities and middle schools. The evaluation findings about the class integration show that the chatting function has been improved and frequently utilized by the users, and the application of the CSIEC system on English instruction can motivate the learners to practice English and enhance their learning process. Finally, we will conclude with potential improvements.
Many studies have shown that musical training can enhance language skills. However, it was unknown whether music lessons improve general cognitive ability, leading to better language proficiency, or if the effect of music is more specific to language processing. A new study from MIT has found that piano lessons have a very specific effect on kindergartners' ability to distinguish different pitches, which translates into an improvement in discriminating between spoken words. However, the piano lessons did not appear to confer any benefit for overall cognitive ability, as measured by IQ, attention span, and working memory. "The children didn't differ in the more broad cognitive measures, but they did show some improvements in word discrimination, particularly for consonants.
Nokia has announced plans to acquire Deepfield to improve the firm's IP network and data analytics solutions portfolio. Announced on Thursday, Nokia said the deal to acquire the small US-based company "will extend Nokia's leadership in real-time, analytics-driven network and service automation" and will advance solutions including network and application insight and analytics and the chance to better protect networks from distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. HoloLens, MD: Why this medical school will teach doctors anatomy with Microsoft's augmented reality, not cadavers Why finance craves big data: A perfect storm of disruption and opportunity What else is coming in Windows 10 IoT Core with the Creators Update? HoloLens, MD: Why this medical school will teach doctors anatomy with Microsoft's augmented reality, not cadavers What else is coming in Windows 10 IoT Core with the Creators Update? Once well-known for manufacturing mobile devices, Nokia devices will once again hit the shelves in 2017 due to HMD's 10-year license to use the brand.