On Thursday, the Obama administration finalized new rules that allow the National Security Agency to share information it gleans from its vast international surveillance apparatus with the 16 other agencies that make up the U.S. intelligence community. With the new changes, which were long in the works, those agencies can apply for access to various feeds of raw, undoctored NSA intelligence. Analysts will then be able to sift through the contents of those feeds as they see fit, before implementing required privacy protections. Previously, the NSA applied those privacy protections itself, before forwarding select pieces of information to agencies that might need to see them. The updated procedures will multiply the number of intelligence analysts who have access to NSA surveillance, which is captured in large quantities and often isn't subject to warrant requirements.
It seems that the relation of the concept of privacy and the concept of the personal information are misunderstood. The privacy comes from the personality, and it is a normative concept. On the other hand, personal information is a fact about each individual. In Japan, Privacy protection is often confused with personal data protection when talking about the Internet. But the leakage of personal information is not privacy infringement per se. Because of this confusion, now in Japan, when collecting and using all kind of information, it is demanded to obtain the individual's consent for the use and processing of personal data. There may be the risk that regulating excessively with all information concerning the person without using the term of privacy at all. Such an excessive regulation may hinder the corporate and public activities. It should then be distinguished ‘the use of personal information which does not infringe someone’s privacy’ from ‘the use of the information relating to the privacy’. And only ‘privacy-related information’ should be the subject matter of the Personal Information Protection Act of Japan from the standpoint of a smooth circulation of information. Of course, basically the individual’s consent should be required, but the high chance of being sued for every activity concerning the processing of information by excessive regulation is an issue that should be solved soon.
Click to learn more about author Cathy Nolan. Americans have long been divided in their views about the trade-off between security needs and personal privacy including data privacy. Much of the attention has been on how government collects data or uses surveillance, though there are also significant concerns about how businesses use data. When a terrorist attack happens, people tend to favor more surveillance by the government but at the same time some people are becoming increasingly concerned about their privacy and protecting their civil liberties. New information about the extent that digital technologies have captured and sold a wide array of data about individual's habits, preferences, prejudices, and personalities have alerted people to the amount of data they have provided, either willingly or unwittingly, to data brokers.
Future Tense is a partnership of Slate, New America, and Arizona State University that examines emerging technologies, public policy, and society. In the U.S., the restrictions on young people's power to do "adult" things get lifted at different ages. You get to buy alcohol at 21. When you turn 18, you can vote, get married, enlist in the Army, buy a lottery ticket, and buy a pack of cigarettes. In most states, you can freely consent to sex at 16, as well as register as an organ donor.
Even before it comes into effect, Europe's new GDPR data protection legislation is already having a positive impact. General Data Protection Regulation, or GDPR, is coming. Here's what it means, how it'll impact individuals and businesses. GDPR is a broad set of rules that require companies to treat customers' personal information with care, and allow organisations to be held to account if they fail to do so. Among other things, GDPR insists that personal data has to be collected for specific and legitimate purposes: it must be accurate and must be protected against unauthorised access, accidental loss, destruction or damage.