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Deepmind Researchers Propose 'ReLICv2': Pushing The Limits of Self-Supervised ResNets

#artificialintelligence

The supervised learning architectures generally require a massive amount of labeled data. Acquiring this vast amount of high-quality labeled data can turn out to be a very costly and time-consuming task. The main idea behind self-supervised methods in deep learning is to learn the patterns from a given set of unlabelled data and fine-tune the model with few labeled data. Self-supervised learning using residual networks has recently progressed, but they still underperform by a large margin corresponding to supervised residual network models on ImageNet classification benchmarks. This poor performance has rendered the use of self-supervised models in performance-critical scenarios till this point.




Boosting Supervision with Self-Supervision for Few-shot Learning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We present a technique to improve the transferability of deep representations learned on small labeled datasets by introducing self-supervised tasks as auxiliary loss functions. While recent approaches for self-supervised learning have shown the benefits of training on large unlabeled datasets, we find improvements in generalization even on small datasets and when combined with strong supervision. Learning representations with self-supervised losses reduces the relative error rate of a state-of-the-art meta-learner by 5-25% on several few-shot learning benchmarks, as well as off-the-shelf deep networks on standard classification tasks when training from scratch. We find the benefits of self-supervision increase with the difficulty of the task. Our approach utilizes the images within the dataset to construct self-supervised losses and hence is an effective way of learning transferable representations without relying on any external training data.


Validation and Generalizability of Self-Supervised Image Reconstruction Methods for Undersampled MRI

#artificialintelligence

Purpose: To investigate aspects of the validation of self-supervised algorithms for reconstruction of undersampled MR images: quantitative evaluation of prospective reconstructions, potential differences between prospective and retrospective reconstructions, suitability of commonly used quantitative metrics, and generalizability. Theory and Methods: Two self-supervised algorithms based on self-supervised denoising and neural network image priors were investigated. These methods are compared to a least squares fitting and a compressed sensing reconstruction using in-vivo and phantom data. Their generalizability was tested with prospectively under-sampled data from experimental conditions different to the training. Results: Prospective reconstructions can exhibit significant distortion relative to retrospective reconstructions/ground truth.