Companies speak with job seekers at a job fair in Pittsburgh. Companies speak with job seekers at a job fair in Pittsburgh. The federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act turns 50 this year -- about the age when many American workers begin to encounter the kinds of biases the law was intended to prevent. At this "milestone of middle age," quipped Victoria Lipnic, acting chair of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the law is grappling with new forms of age discrimination in the Internet era. Research by EEOC, which received 20,857 claims of age discrimination last year, found that 65% of older workers say age is a barrier to getting a job.
An aging population, coupled with low employment rates among Americans older than 62, poses severe challenges to the long-term sustainability of Social Security. Numerous reforms have been proposed to extend their working lives, including raising the retirement age. Such reforms may be unlikely to gain traction -- not because people are so eager to retire, but because age discrimination sharply limits job opportunities. After decades of debate, most labor economists today accept that discrimination has played a role in limiting job market opportunities for minorities and women. There's been a steady buildup of evidence that is hard to refute.
Older adults have been excluded from some websites that post jobs, according to Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan. Older adults have been excluded from some websites that post jobs, according to Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan. If you're looking for work, you might start with one of those websites that posts jobs. But if you're an older adult looking for work, you might have found yourself excluded from some of the features on those sites. Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan opened an investigation after a 70-year-old man called her office and complained that he'd been unable to use a resume building tool on JOBR, an app owned by Monster Worldwide.
It's important for older women seeking employment to understand the particular challenges they face in the labor market, says economist Teresa Ghilarducci. Editor's Note: For a recent Making Sen e segment, Paul Solman caught up with economist Teresa Ghilarducci to discuss why the job market is harder on aging women than aging men. We asked Ghilarducci to share some of her practical advice from her new book, "How To Retire With Enough Money and How To Know What Enough Is." The book also discusses retirement, savings, Social Security and why you should get rid of your financial planner. Below, Ghilarducci explains what older women face in the job market and some tips on how to beat the odds.