To gain a better understanding of the emerging opportunities, challenges, and implications resulting from developments in artificial intelligence (AI), the Comptroller General of the United States convened the Forum on Artificial Intelligence, which was held on July 6 and 7, 2017, in Washington, D.C. GAO issued a technology assessment in March 2018 summarizing the results of this forum. Forum participants noted a range of opportunities and challenges related to AI, as well as areas needed for future research and for consideration by policymakers. Regarding opportunities, investment in automation through AI technologies could lead to improvements in productivity and economic outcomes, according to a forum participant. AI can also be used to gather an enormous amount of data from multiple sources and detect abnormalities faster than humans can, and it could be used to help solve some of the world's most complex and pressing problems. The participants also highlighted a number of challenges related to AI.
Many economies--France and China, most prominently--have either formalised strategies to harness and realise the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) or are already heavily investing in AI. The NITI Aayog's National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence #AIforAll that outlines focus areas for adoption and possible challenges, therefore, merits close attention from policy-makers if India is to leverage AI for growth, development and greater inclusion. Indeed, adopting AI means a 15% boost for the gross value added (GVA) for the economy by 2035--NITI estimates that AI could potentially add $957 billion to India's $6,397-billion dollar GVA projected for that year. The focus areas that NITI has in mind--healthcare, agriculture, education, urban development/ smart cities & infrastructure, and mobility and transportation--hold both great promise and risk for the country. Consequently, the rewards from adopting AI in these areas and the opportunity cost of deferring such adoption will thus be either transformative or ruinous, respectively, for the country.
The Obama administration released a new list of regulations today meant to improve the quality of child care in thousands of centers--from small mom-and-pop shops to large nonprofit and for-profit schools--serving infants and toddlers. Currently, every state has its own safety, health, and learning standards for child care centers, whose quality varies widely. The new federal standards aim to raise the bar for every center that works with any of the 1.4 million low-income children currently receiving a federal subsidy to cover their child care fees. "In some states, it is easier to become a child care provider than a hairdresser or a dog walker," Brigid Shulte, the director of New America's Better Life Lab, told Mother Jones. The new standards are a very important first step, Shulte added, but the rules cover only a small percentage of the roughly 12 million kids younger than five in the United States.
As I'm passionate about shaping a better future in the Smart Technology and specifically to help transform Africa through Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big Data & Analytics, Internet of Things (IoT), and Blockchain technologies, it was a privilege to participate as invited AI expert at the AI for Good Global Summit in Geneva, Switzerland on 15-17 May 2018 as well as the AI: Current Policy Reflections and Future Strategies on 18 May 2018 at the United Nations. As mentioned here as well as this post, this was also an opportunity to represent the Machine Intelligence Institute of Africa (MIIA), Cortex Logic (as one of the sponsors) and the African perspective on the use of these technologies with respect to the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. In this post I would like to share some links, feedback, perspectives and outcomes of the AI for Good Global Summit. I also share my presentation on Health, Water, Smart Education & Smart Technology Services for African Smart Cities. In a separate post, I'll do the same for the AI: Current Policy Reflections and Future Strategies conference.