For centuries, physicians and healers focused primarily on treating acute problems such as broken bones, wounds, and infections. "If you had an infectious disease, you went to the doctor, the doctor treated you, and then you went home," says Balaji Krishnapuram, director and distinguished engineer at IBM Watson Health. Today, the majority of healthcare revolves around treating chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and asthma. Treating chronic ailments often requires multiple visits to healthcare providers, over extended periods of time. In modern societies, "the old ways of delivering care will not work," says Krishnapuram. "We need to enable patients to take care of themselves to a far greater degree than before, and we need to move more treatment from the doctor's office or hospital to an outpatient setting or to the patient's home." Unlike traditional healthcare, which tends to be labor-intensive, emerging models of healthcare are knowledge-driven and data-intensive. Many of the newer healthcare delivery models will depend on a new generation of user-friendly, real-time big data analytics and artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML) tools. Identifying risks, determining who is at risk, and identifying interventions that will reduce risk. Supporting and enabling customized self-care treatment plans for individual patients, monitoring patient health in real time, adjusting doses of medication, and providing incentives for behavioral changes leading to improved health. Optimizing healthcare processes (everything from medical treatment itself to the various ways insurers reimburse providers) through rigorous data analysis to improve outcomes and quality of care while reducing costs.
As the ability of artificial intelligence grows it is increasingly having an effect on many areas of our everyday lives. One area where is could have the biggest impact is artificial intelligence in healthcare. Smart technologies, machine learning programs and robotic devices are all contributing to the positive impact that artificial intelligence is having in the healthcare world. As technologies and our understanding of the possibilities provided by these technologies develops the impact of artificial intelligence in healthcare can only grow. What follows are 10 of the most important ways in which artificial intelligence is impacting positively on healthcare both now and in the future. For many years it has been possibly to obtain images of the insides of the human body through non-invasive means such as X-rays, CT scans and MRI scans. However many forms of diagnosis still require invasive action such as taking tissue samples or biopsies.
After revolutionizing various industry sectors, the introduction of artificial intelligence in healthcare is transforming how we diagnose and treat critical disorders. A team of experts in the Laboratory for Respiratory Diseases at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, trained an AI-based computer algorithm using good quality data. Dr. Marko Topalovic, a postdoctoral researcher in the team, announced that AI was found to be more consistent and accurate in interpreting respiratory test results and in suggesting diagnoses, as compared to lung specialists. Likewise, Artificial Intelligence Research Centre for Neurological Disorders at the Beijing Tiantan Hospital and a research team from the Capital Medical University developed the BioMind AI system, which correctly diagnosed brain tumor in 87% of 225 cases in about 15 minutes, whereas the results of a team of 15 senior doctors displayed only 66% accuracy. The introduction of technologies such as deep learning and artificial intelligence in healthcare can help achieve more efficiency and precision.
Interest in artificial intelligence continues to explode across every industry, but few areas offer more opportunities for drastic improvement of human life than the application of AI in healthcare and the medical field. Let's begin first with a definition. AI in healthcare and medicine means using data more effectively through machine learning algorithms to produce positive patient outcomes. The sheer amount of data created through IoT-enabled devices, the electronic medical record (EMR), and ever-expanding quantities of genetic data has made possible a large number of applications of artificial intelligence in healthcare. Check out the Harvard Business Review ranking of the potential value that these applications could bring to the healthcare industry. The underlying value of artificial intelligence is to enhance human decision-making and automate processes that are time- or resource-intensive for humans to perform.
No one doubts that artificial intelligence has unimaginable potential. Within the next couple of years, it will revolutionize every area of our life, including medicine. Although many have their fears and doubts about AI taking over the world, Stephen Hawking even said that the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. However, I am fully convinced if humanity prepares appropriately for the AI-age, artificial intelligence will prove to be the next successful area of cooperation between humans and machines. Concerning healthcare, artificial intelligence will redesign it completely – and for the better.