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A 20-Year Community Roadmap for Artificial Intelligence Research in the US

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society. AI systems can now translate across multiple languages, identify objects in images and video, streamline manufacturing processes, and control cars. The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy, and secure. Future AI systems will rightfully be expected to reason effectively about the world in which they (and people) operate, handling complex tasks and responsibilities effectively and ethically, engaging in meaningful communication, and improving their awareness through experience. Achieving the full potential of AI technologies poses research challenges that require a radical transformation of the AI research enterprise, facilitated by significant and sustained investment. These are the major recommendations of a recent community effort coordinated by the Computing Community Consortium and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence to formulate a Roadmap for AI research and development over the next two decades.



Networked Intelligence: Towards Autonomous Cyber Physical Systems

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Developing intelligent systems requires combining results from both industry and academia. In this report you find an overview of relevant research fields and industrially applicable technologies for building very large scale cyber physical systems. A concept architecture is used to illustrate how existing pieces may fit together, and the maturity of the subsystems is estimated. The goal is to structure the developments and the challenge of machine intelligence for Consumer and Industrial Internet technologists, cyber physical systems researchers and people interested in the convergence of data & Internet of Things. It can be used for planning developments of intelligent systems.


Wavelet-based Temporal Forecasting Models of Human Activities for Anomaly Detection

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This paper presents a novel approach for temporal modelling of long-term human activities based on wavelet transforms. The model is applied to binary smart-home sensors to forecast their signals, which are used then as temporal priors to infer anomalies in office and Active & Assisted Living (AAL) scenarios. Such inference is performed by a new extension of Hybrid Markov Logic Networks (HMLNs) that merges different anomaly indicators, including activity levels detected by sensors, expert rules and the new temporal models. The latter in particular allow the inference system to discover deviations from long-term activity patterns, which cannot by detected by simpler frequency-based models. Two new publicly available datasets were collected using several smart-sensors to evaluate the wavelet-based temporal models and their application to signal forecasting and anomaly detection. The experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed techniques and their successful application to detect unexpected activities in office and AAL settings.


Data Preprocessing vs. Data Wrangling in Machine Learning Projects

#artificialintelligence

Machine learning and deep learning projects are gaining more and more importance in most enterprises. The complete process includes data preparation, building an analytic model and deploying it to production. This is an insights-action-loop which improves the analytic models continuously. Forrester calls the complete process and the platform behind it the Insights Platform. A key task when you want to build an appropriate analytic model using machine learning or deep learning techniques, is the integration and preparation of data sets from various sources like files, databases, big data storage, sensors or social networks. This step can take up to 80 percent of the whole analytics project.