Drones Are Saving One Life Per Week, DJI Study Finds

#artificialintelligence

DJI Technology Inc, the largest civilian drone maker, is claiming in a new study that "59 lives have been saved by civilian drones in 18 different incidents, with one life a week being saved by drones on average." The study was published on March 14, 2017, and is based on reports in the news. The majority of the rescues have occurred in USA and China, although instances have occurred in Canada and Turkey as well. One third were saved by civilians using their hobbyist drones and not by emergency personnel, showing their far-reaching abilities. The Hindu of Dec 7 reported that in Chennai, India during heavy flash floods the city police "were able to locate as many as 200 people with the help of drones and rescued all of them."


Human-Like Autonomous Car-Following Model with Deep Reinforcement Learning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

This study proposes a framework for human-like autonomous car-following planning based on deep reinforcement learning (deep RL). Historical driving data are fed into a simulation environment where an RL agent learns from trial and error interactions based on a reward function that signals how much the agent deviates from the empirical data. Through these interactions, an optimal policy, or car-following model that maps in a human-like way from speed, relative speed between a lead and following vehicle, and inter-vehicle spacing to acceleration of a following vehicle is finally obtained. The model can be continuously updated when more data are fed in. Two thousand car-following periods extracted from the 2015 Shanghai Naturalistic Driving Study were used to train the model and compare its performance with that of traditional and recent data-driven car-following models. As shown by this study results, a deep deterministic policy gradient car-following model that uses disparity between simulated and observed speed as the reward function and considers a reaction delay of 1s, denoted as DDPGvRT, can reproduce human-like car-following behavior with higher accuracy than traditional and recent data-driven car-following models. Specifically, the DDPGvRT model has a spacing validation error of 18% and speed validation error of 5%, which are less than those of other models, including the intelligent driver model, models based on locally weighted regression, and conventional neural network-based models. Moreover, the DDPGvRT demonstrates good capability of generalization to various driving situations and can adapt to different drivers by continuously learning. This study demonstrates that reinforcement learning methodology can offer insight into driver behavior and can contribute to the development of human-like autonomous driving algorithms and traffic-flow models.


Working from home may not be as good for you as you think, study suggests

The Independent - Tech

A new report from the UN's International Labour Organization (ILO) has found that working remotely can lead to insomnia and increased stress levels. The study, titled Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work, analysed the working habits of people from the UK, Belgium, France, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Argentina, Brazil, India, Japan and the US. It made distinctions between three groups of workers: those who work from home regularly, 'highly mobile' employees who work in various locations away from the office and those who split their time between the office and home. The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar. Japan's On-Art Corp's CEO Kazuya Kanemaru poses with his company's eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot'TRX03' and other robots during a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan Japan's On-Art Corp's eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot'TRX03' performs during its unveiling in Tokyo, Japan Singulato Motors co-founder and CEO Shen Haiyin poses in his company's concept car Tigercar P0 at a workshop in Beijing, China A picture shows Singulato Motors' concept car Tigercar P0 at a workshop in Beijing, China Connected company president Shigeki Tomoyama addresses a press briefing as he elaborates on Toyota's "connected strategy" in Tokyo.


Improved survival of cancer patients admitted to the ICU between 2002 and 2011 at a U.S. teaching hospital

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Over the past decades, both critical care and cancer care have improved substantially. Due to increased cancer-specific survival, we hypothesized that both the number of cancer patients admitted to the ICU and overall survival have increased since the millennium change. MIMIC-III, a freely accessible critical care database of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, USA was used to retrospectively study trends and outcomes of cancer patients admitted to the ICU between 2002 and 2011. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for confounders of 28-day and 1-year mortality. Out of 41,468 unique ICU admissions, 1,100 hemato-oncologic, 3,953 oncologic and 49 patients with both a hematological and solid malignancy were analyzed. Hematological patients had higher critical illness scores than non-cancer patients, while oncologic patients had similar APACHE-III and SOFA-scores compared to non-cancer patients. In the univariate analysis, cancer was strongly associated with mortality (OR= 2.74, 95%CI: 2.56, 2.94). Over the 10-year study period, 28-day mortality of cancer patients decreased by 30%. This trend persisted after adjustment for covariates, with cancer patients having significantly higher mortality (OR=2.63, 95%CI: 2.38, 2.88). Between 2002 and 2011, both the adjusted odds of 28-day mortality and the adjusted odds of 1-year mortality for cancer patients decreased by 6% (95%CI: 4%, 9%). Having cancer was the strongest single predictor of 1-year mortality in the multivariate model (OR=4.47, 95%CI: 4.11, 4.84).


In race for 5G, China leads South Korea and U.S.: study

The Japan Times

WASHINGTON – China is slightly ahead of South Korea and the United States in the race to develop fifth generation wireless networks, or 5G, a U.S. study showed Monday. The study released by the CTIA, a U.S.-based industry association of wireless carriers, suggested that the United States is lagging in the effort to deploy the superfast wireless systems that will be needed for self-driving cars, telemedicine and other technologies. The report prepared by the research firm Analysys Mason found that all major Chinese providers have committed to specific launch dates and the government has committed to allocate spectrum for the carriers. The 10-nation study said the U.S. is in the "first tier" of countries in preparing deployment of 5G, along with China, South Korea and Japan. In the second tier are key European markets, including France, Germany and Britain, with Singapore, Russia and Canada in the third tier.