As Python has gained a lot of traction in the recent years in Data Science industry, I wanted to outline some of its most useful libraries for data scientists and engineers, based on recent experience. And, since all of the libraries are open sourced, we have added commits, contributors count and other metrics from Github, which could be served as a proxy metrics for library popularity. When starting to deal with the scientific task in Python, one inevitably comes for help to Python's SciPy Stack, which is a collection of software specifically designed for scientific computing in Python (do not confuse with SciPy library, which is part of this stack, and the community around this stack). This way we want to start with a look at it. However, the stack is pretty vast, there is more than a dozen of libraries in it, and we want to put a focal point on the core packages (particularly the most essential ones).
In this article, you'll see top 30 Python libraries for Machine Learning. In this article, you'll see top 30 Python libraries for Machine Learning. Today, Python is one of the most popular programming languages and it has replaced many languages in the industry. There are various reasons for its popularity and one of them is that python has a large collection of libraries. Python is one of the most widely used languages by Data Scientists and Machine Learning experts across the world. Though there is no shortage of alternatives in the form of languages like R, Julia and others, python has steadily and rightfully gained popularity. Similar to the Google Trends shown above(the plot is prepared using matplotlib and pytrends), confidence is visible year over year with python featuring way above its peers in the StackOverflow surveys for 2017 and 2018. These trends/surveys are the consequences of ease of use, shorter learning curve, widespread usage, strong community, large number of libraries covering depth and breadth of a number of research and application areas. The amazing popularity might make one think that python is the gold standard for Machine Learning.
To understand how to accomplish a specific task in TensorFlow, you can refer to the TensorFlow tutorials. Keras is one of the most popular and open-source neural network libraries for Python. Initially designed by a Google engineer for ONEIROS, short for Open-Ended Neuro Electronic Intelligent Robot Operating System, Keras was soon supported in TensorFlow's core library making it accessible on top of TensorFlow.
Python continues to take leading positions in solving data science tasks and challenges. Last year we made a blog post overviewing the Python's libraries that proved to be the most helpful at that moment. This year, we expanded our list with new libraries and gave a fresh look to the ones we already talked about, focusing on the updates that have been made during the year. Our selection actually contains more than 20 libraries, as some of them are alternatives to each other and solve the same problem. Therefore we have grouped them as it's difficult to distinguish one particular leader at the moment.
The best trained soldiers can't fulfill their mission empty-handed. Data scientists have their own weapons -- machine learning (ML) software. There is already a cornucopia of articles listing reliable machine learning tools with in-depth descriptions of their functionality. Our goal, however, was to get the feedback of industry experts. And that's why we interviewed data science practitioners -- gurus, really --regarding the useful tools they choose for their projects. The specialists we contacted have various fields of expertise and are working in such companies as Facebook and Samsung. Some of them represent AI startups (Objection Co, NEAR.AI, and Respeecher); some teach at universities (Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics).