It seems the USA is determined to attest its dominance in the field of artificial intelligence. In August 2020, the Trump administration announced that The National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy have allocated $1 billion for advanced research in AI and quantum information. The investment will lead to the foundation of 12 new AI institutes and quantum information science (QIS) research institutes. The funds will be directed toward AI Research Institutes under the supervision of NSF and QIS Research Centers led by DOE. The $1 billion will be allocated for a period of five years in order to achieve advancements in fields like machine learning, computer vision, and quantum computing. The USA is aware of AI's importance for the "21st-century American workforce" and national economic growth.
The White House today detailed the establishment of 12 new research institutes focused on AI and quantum information science. Agencies including the National Science Foundation (NSF), U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have committed to investing tens of millions of dollars in centers intended to serve as nodes for AI and quantum computing study. Laments over the AI talent shortage in the U.S. have become a familiar refrain. While higher education enrollment in AI-relevant fields like computer science has risen rapidly in recent years, few colleges have been able to meet student demand due to a lack of staffing. In June, the Trump administration imposed a ban on U.S. entry for workers on certain visas -- including for high-skilled H-1B visa holders, an estimated 35% of whom have an AI-related degree -- through the end of the year.
The White House has recently announced its plans to invest $1 billion into AI and quantum computing, two very promising tech frontiers. Last year, President Trump's executive order on AI had presented their intention to bolster their dominance in the field. However, these orders failed to address anything on funding and other plans. In February 2020, the Trump administration called for an investment of two billion dollars in non-defense for AI and quantum research by 2022. The new initiative by the house will fund a series of academic and private sector R&D hubs that are linked to federal agencies.
"What we're moving forward on is building out quantum networks [to] someday…turn into a full second internet, a parallel internet to the digital internet," said Paul Dabbar, the Energy Department's Under Secretary for Science. The project will be funded by a portion of the $1.275 billion budget allocated as part of President Trump's National Quantum Initiative, an effort to accelerate research and development in quantum information science, an area of study that includes quantum-based communication and quantum computing. China, Canada and others are also developing quantum information technologies. Chinese scientists recently published an experiment related to their quantum internet effort in the science journal Nature. The Morning Download delivers daily insights and news on business technology from the CIO Journal team.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the US Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $1 billion in awards for the establishment of 12 new artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum information science (QIS) research institutes nationwide. The $1 billion will go towards NSF-led AI Research Institutes and DOE QIS Research Centers over five years, establishing 12 multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional national hubs for research and workforce development in these critical emerging technologies. Together, the institutes will spur cutting edge innovation, support regional economic growth, and advance American leadership in these critical industries of the future. The National Science Foundation and additional Federal partners, including the US Department of Agriculture, are awarding $140 million for seven NSF-led AI Research Institutes over five years to accelerate a number of AI R&D areas, such as machine-learning, synthetic manufacturing, precision agriculture, and forecasting prediction. The NSF-led AI Research Institutes will be hosted by universities across the country, including at the University of Oklahoma at Norman, University of Texas at Austin, University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of California at Davis, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.