The field of Machine learning is experiencing exponential growth today, especially in the subject of computer vision. Today, the error rate in humans is only 3% in computer vision. This means computers are already better at recognizing and analyzing images than humans. Decades ago, computers were hunks of machinery the size of a room; today, they can perceive the world around us in ways that we never thought possible. The progress we've made from 26% error in 2011 to 3% error in 2016 is hugely impactful.
Call for Papers Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. Some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are specifically designed for include: behavior or speech recognition, cognition or learning. We have all heard about Artificial intelligence in Health as the use of complex algorithms and software by computers to estimate health characteristics in the analysis of complicated medical data. Specifically, AI is the ability for computer algorithms to approximate conclusions without direct human input. The difference between AI technology and traditional technologies in health care is the ability to gain information, process it and give a well-defined output to the end-user.
Machines won't become intelligent unless they incorporate certain features of the human brain. Europe's massive €1 billion project has shifted focus from simulation to informatics By Megan Scudellari Large-scale brainlike systems are possible with existing technology--if we're willing to spend the money By Jennifer Hasler Researchers in this specialized field have hitched their wagon to deep learning's star By Lee Gomes Running algorithms that mimic a rat's navigation neurons, heavy machines will soon plumb Australia's underground mines By Jean Kumagai Artificial intelligence might endow some computers with self-awareness.
The ability to accurately classify disease subtypes is of vital importance, especially in oncology where this capability could have a life saving impact. Here we report a classification between two subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer, namely Adeno- carcinoma vs Squamous cell carcinoma. The data consists of approximately 20,000 gene expression values for each of 104 patients. The data was curated from  . We used an amalgamation of classical and and quantum machine learning models to successfully classify these patients. We utilized feature selection methods based on univariate statistics in addition to XGBoost . A novel and proprietary data representation method developed by one of the authors called QCrush was also used as it was designed to incorporate a maximal amount of information under the size constraints of the D-Wave quantum annealing computer. The machine learning was performed by a Quantum Boltzmann Machine. This paper will report our results, the various classical methods, and the quantum machine learning approach we utilized.
Computer algorithms can automatically interpret echocardiographic images and distinguish between pathological hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and physiological changes in athletes' hearts, according to research from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), published online yesterday in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. HCM is a disease in which a portion of the myocardium enlarges, creating functional impairment of the heart. It is the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes. Diagnosing HCM is challenging since athletes can present with physiological hypertrophy, in which their hearts appear large, but do not feature the pathological abnormality of HCM. The current standard of care requires precise phenotyping of the two similar conditions by a highly trained cardiologist.