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Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) with Python

#artificialintelligence

Our reliance on artificial intelligence models is increasing day by day, and it's also becoming equally important to explain how and why AI This course provides detailed insights into the latest developments in Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Our reliance on artificial intelligence models is increasing day by day, and it's also becoming equally important to explain how and why AI makes a particular decision. Recent laws have also caused the urgency about explaining and defending the decisions made by AI systems. This course discusses tools and techniques using Python to visualize, explain, and build trustworthy AI systems. This course covers the working principle and mathematical modeling of LIME (Local Interpretable Model Agnostic Explanations), SHAP (SHapley Additive exPlanations) for generating local and global explanations.


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#artificialintelligence

This course provides detailed insights into the latest developments in Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Our reliance on artificial intelligence models is increasing day by day, and it's also becoming equally important to explain how and why AI makes a particular decision. Recent laws have also caused the urgency about explaining and defending the decisions made by AI systems. This course discusses tools and techniques using Python to visualize, explain, and build trustworthy AI systems. This course covers the working principle and mathematical modeling of LIME (Local Interpretable Model Agnostic Explanations), SHAP (SHapley Additive exPlanations) for generating local and global explanations.


Counterfactuals and Causability in Explainable Artificial Intelligence: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

There has been a growing interest in model-agnostic methods that can make deep learning models more transparent and explainable to a user. Some researchers recently argued that for a machine to achieve a certain degree of human-level explainability, this machine needs to provide human causally understandable explanations, also known as causability. A specific class of algorithms that have the potential to provide causability are counterfactuals. This paper presents an in-depth systematic review of the diverse existing body of literature on counterfactuals and causability for explainable artificial intelligence. We performed an LDA topic modelling analysis under a PRISMA framework to find the most relevant literature articles. This analysis resulted in a novel taxonomy that considers the grounding theories of the surveyed algorithms, together with their underlying properties and applications in real-world data. This research suggests that current model-agnostic counterfactual algorithms for explainable AI are not grounded on a causal theoretical formalism and, consequently, cannot promote causability to a human decision-maker. Our findings suggest that the explanations derived from major algorithms in the literature provide spurious correlations rather than cause/effects relationships, leading to sub-optimal, erroneous or even biased explanations. This paper also advances the literature with new directions and challenges on promoting causability in model-agnostic approaches for explainable artificial intelligence.


Counterfactual Explanations for Machine Learning: A Review

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Machine learning plays a role in many deployed decision systems, often in ways that are difficult or impossible to understand by human stakeholders. Explaining, in a human-understandable way, the relationship between the input and output of machine learning models is essential to the development of trustworthy machine-learning-based systems. A burgeoning body of research seeks to define the goals and methods of explainability in machine learning. In this paper, we seek to review and categorize research on counterfactual explanations, a specific class of explanation that provides a link between what could have happened had input to a model been changed in a particular way. Modern approaches to counterfactual explainability in machine learning draw connections to the established legal doctrine in many countries, making them appealing to fielded systems in high-impact areas such as finance and healthcare. Thus, we design a rubric with desirable properties of counterfactual explanation algorithms and comprehensively evaluate all currently-proposed algorithms against that rubric. Our rubric provides easy comparison and comprehension of the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches and serves as an introduction to major research themes in this field. We also identify gaps and discuss promising research directions in the space of counterfactual explainability.


Generating Counterfactual and Contrastive Explanations using SHAP

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

With the advent of GDPR, the domain of explainable AI and model interpretability has gained added GDPR's Right to Explanation impetus. Methods to extract and communicate visibility General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation into decision-making models have become focused on data protection and regulations regarding algorithmic legal requirement. Two specific types of explanations, decision-making and is abiding on companies operating contrastive and counterfactual have been in the European Union. One of the controversial regulations identified as suitable for human understanding. In of this directive is the'Right to Explanation' which allows this paper, we propose a model agnostic method those significantly (socially) impacted by the decision of an and its systemic implementation to generate these algorithm to demand an explanation or rationale behind the explanations using shapely additive explanations decision (Eg: Being denied a loan application).