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An introduction to Explainable Artificial Intelligence or xAI

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A few years ago, when I was still working for IBM, I managed an AI project for a bank. During the final phase, my team and I went to the steering committee to present the results. Proud as the project leader, I have shown that the model has achieved 98 percent accuracy in detecting fraudulent transactions. In my manager's eyes, I could see a general panic when I explained that we used an artificial neural network, that it worked with a synapse system and weight adjustments. Although very efficient, there was no way to understand its logic objectively. Even if it was based on real facts, this raw explanation conditioned the project's continuity at that time, unless we could provide a full explanation that the senior executive could understand and trust.


The How of Explainable AI: Explainable Modelling

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Achieving explainable modelling is sometimes considered synonymous with restricting the choice of AI model to specific family of models that are considered inherently explainable. We will review this family of AI models. However, our discussion goes far beyond the conventional explainable model families and includes more recent and novel approaches such as joint prediction and explanation, hybrid models, and more. Ideally we can avoid the black-box problem from the beginning by developing a model that is explainable by design. The traditional approach to achieve explainable modelling is to adopt from a specific family of models that are considered explainable.


Explainable Artificial Intelligence

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Dramatic success in machine learning has led to a torrent of Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications. Continued advances promise to produce autonomous systems that will perceive, learn, decide, and act on their own. However, the effectiveness of these systems is limited by the machine's current inability to explain their decisions and actions to human users. The Department of Defense is facing challenges that demand more intelligent, autonomous, and symbiotic systems. Explainable AI--especially explainable machine learning--will be essential if future warfighters are to understand, appropriately trust, and effectively manage an emerging generation of artificially intelligent machine partners.


Assistant Professor in Explainable AI (tenure-track)

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We invite applications for a tenure-track position in computer science, focused on explainable artificial intelligence, and ability to collaborate with social sciences. DKE research lines include human-centered aspects of recommender systems, as well as a strong applied mathematics component such as dynamic game theory (differential, evolutionary, spatial and stochastic game theory). The position is supported by the large and growing Explainable and Reliable Artificial Intelligence (ERAI) group of DKE. The group consists of Associate & Assistant Professors, postdoctoral researchers, PhD candidates and master/bachelor students. The ERAI group works together closely on a day-to-day basis, to exchange knowledge, ideas, and research advancements.


Explainable Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

Dramatic success in machine learning has led to a torrent of Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications. Continued advances promise to produce autonomous systems that will perceive, learn, decide, and act on their own. However, the effectiveness of these systems is limited by the machine's current inability to explain their decisions and actions to human users. The Department of Defense is facing challenges that demand more intelligent, autonomous, and symbiotic systems. Explainable AI--especially explainable machine learning--will be essential if future warfighters are to understand, appropriately trust, and effectively manage an emerging generation of artificially intelligent machine partners.