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Image Recognition: A peek into the future

#artificialintelligence

Our brains are wired in a way that they can differentiate between objects, both living and non-living by simply looking at them. In fact, the recognition of objects and a situation through visualization is the fastest way to gather, as well as to relate information. This becomes a pretty big deal for computers where a vast amount of data has to be stuffed into it, before the computer can perform an operation on its own. Ironically, with each passing day, it is becoming essential for machines to identify objects through facial recognition, so that humans can take the next big step towards a more scientifically advanced social mechanism. So, what progress have we really made in that respect?


Towards Affordable Semantic Searching: Zero-Shot Retrieval via Dominant Attributes

AAAI Conferences

Instance-level retrieval has become an essential paradigm to index and retrieves images from large-scale databases. Conventional instance search requires at least an example of the query image to retrieve images that contain the same object instance. Existing semantic retrieval can only search semantically-related images, such as those sharing the same category or a set of tags, not the exact instances. Meanwhile, the unrealistic assumption is that all categories or tags are known beforehand. Training models for these semantic concepts highly rely on instance-level attributes or human captions which are expensive to acquire. Given the above challenges, this paper studies the Zero-shot Retrieval problem that aims for instance-level image search using only a few dominant attributes. The contributions are: 1) we utilise automatic word embedding to infer class-level attributes to circumvent expensive human labelling; 2) the inferred class-attributes can be extended into discriminative instance attributes through our proposed Latent Instance Attributes Discovery (LIAD) algorithm; 3) our method is not restricted to complete attribute signatures, query of dominant attributes can also be dealt with. On two benchmarks, CUB and SUN, extensive experiments demonstrate that our method can achieve promising performance for the problem. Moreover, our approach can also benefit conventional ZSL tasks.


Google could soon 'see' like humans with its image recognition program

AITopics Original Links

As humans, we can distinguish between different objects easily - such as dogs wearing hats, or between oranges and bananas in a bag - but for computers this has been typically much more difficult. A team of Google researchers has developed an advanced image classification and detection algorithm called GoogLeNet, which is twice as effective than previous programs. It is so accurate it can locate and distinguish between a range of object sizes within a single image, and it can also determine an object within, or on top of, an object, within the photo. A team of California-based Google researchers developed GoogLeNet, that uses an advanced classification and detection algorithm to identify object. The software recently placed first in the ImageNet large-scale visual recognition challenge (ILSVRC).


IBM created software using NYPD images that can search for people by SKIN COLOR, report claims

Daily Mail - Science & tech

From 2012 to 2016, the New York City Police Department supplied IBM with thousands of surveillance images of unaware New Yorkers for the development of software that could help track down people'of interest,' a shocking report claims. IBM's technology was designed to match stills of individuals with specific physical characteristics, including clothing color, age, gender, hair color, and even skin tone, according to The Intercept. Internal documents and sources involved with the program cited by the report reveal IBM released an early iteration of its video analytics software by 2013, before improving its capabilities over the following years. The report adds to growing concerns on the potential for racial profiling with advanced surveillance technology. From 2012 to 2016, the New York City Police Department supplied IBM with thousands of surveillance images of unaware New Yorkers for the development of software that could help track down people'of interest,' a shocking report claims According to the investigation by The Intercept and the Investigative Fund, the NYPD did not end up using IBM's analytics program as part of its larger surveillance system, and discontinued it by 2016.


Here is why Face and Image Recognition Gaining Prominence

#artificialintelligence

Do you remember watching crime shows where investigating teams used to hire sketch artists to draw the image/face of criminal described by witnesses? And they would then hunt for the person to lock him up. But one might wonder today, are these tactics still common in detecting crime or criminals? With the rise in Artificial Intelligence enabled Face and Image Recognition technologies, the days of sketching criminal are long gone. The process of identifying or verifying the identity of a person using their face has made investigations a lot easier today.