British data analytics firm Cambridge Analytica is at the centre of controversy in the US and UK after two newspapers reported the company harvested personal data about Facebook users beginning in 2014. Best known for assisting the 2016 presidential campaign of US President Donald Trump, Cambridge Analytica is now facing a government search of its London office, questions from US state authorities, and a demand by Facebook that it submit to a forensic audit. The UK's Information Commissioner has announced she is seeking a warrant to probe the company's servers – and also that she was forced to tell Facebook to "stand down" its own enquiries after its auditors and lawyers visited Cambridge Analytica's offices. "Such a search would potentially compromise a regulatory investigation," Elizabeth Denham said. Here is some of what is known about Cambridge Analytica.
Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Hawking was an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA), a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009 and achieved commercial success with works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. His book, A Brief History of Time, appeared on the British Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking had a rare early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease (also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Lou Gehrig's disease), that gradually paralysed him over the decades. Even after the loss of his speech, he was still able to communicate through a speech-generating device, initially through use of a hand-held switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle. Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford to Frank (1905–1986) and Isobel Hawking (née Walker; 1915–2013). Despite their families' financial constraints, both parents attended the University of Oxford, where Frank read medicine and Isobel read Philosophy, Politics and Economics. The two met shortly after the beginning of the Second World War at a medical research institute where Isobel was working as a secretary and Frank was working as a medical researcher. They lived in Highgate; but, as London was being bombed in those years, Isobel went to Oxford to give birth in greater safety. Hawking had two younger sisters, Philippa and Mary, and an adopted brother, Edward. In 1950, when Hawking's father became head of the division of parasitology at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hawking and his family moved to St Albans, Hertfordshire.
In February Olajide KSI Olatunji, a British YouTuber with more than 18.5 million followers managed to attract more viewers to a white collar boxing match between two amateur fighters than watched the FA Cup final. Now, a date and location for the sequel to that fight, due to be contested by two of online video's biggest stars has been released – though the future of the fight itself is in jeopardy. Twenty four-year-old KSI has been engaged in a war of words with Logan Paul, the 22-year-old YouTuber famous for uploading a video of a suicide victim to YouTube, triggering a temporary ban from making money on the site, since calling out the American after defeating Joe Weller, another YouTuber, in front of a sold-out crowd at the Copper Box Arena back in February. In tweets sent overnight on Thursday between the two YouTubers, who have more than 35 million subscribers between them, the pair revealed key details about their mooted meeting. The bout, due to be the first of two between the YouTubers, has been pencilled in for 25 August, a bank holiday weekend.
Mark Carney knows how to illustrate economic trends through the use of creative language. And when he talks, people tend to listen. "The massacre of the Dilberts" was how the governor of the Bank of England encapsulated the fear that middle-management jobs would be wiped out by automation – for people unfamiliar with American cartoon strips, Dilbert is a white collar office worker and the strip mocks the absurdities of office life. In his native Canada this week, Carney made a number of points in a speech on automation. Most obviously, many office jobs done by people would be done by computers, a process that was already well advanced.
Speculation is growing about the possibility of a no-deal Brexit in Sunday's papers. The Sunday Telegraph reports that ministers have drawn up plans to redirect British food exports to Belgium and the Netherlands, should no agreement be reached. Under the proposals, lorries bound for Dover would be redirected to ports in the east of England, such as Felixstowe, rather than waiting in emergency lorry parks on the motorway network in Kent. An apparent spy plot to uncover confidential information about the UK's new £9bn fleet of fighter jets is the Mail on Sunday's splash. An internal RAF memo reveals a female secret agent hacked into the online dating profile of a serving airwoman, striking up conversations with unsuspecting male colleagues - one of whom was persuaded to reveal details of the F-35 Lightning jets.