Brain chips will be as popular as smartphones in 15 years

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Implanting a microchip into your brain to unlock its full potential may sound like the plot from the latest science fiction blockbuster. But the futuristic technology could become a reality within 15 years, according to Bryan Johnson, an expert working on such a device. The chips will allow people to buy and delete memories, and will soon be as popular as smartphones, Mr Johnson claims. Implanting a microchip into your brain to unlock its full potential may sound like the plot from the latest science fiction blockbuster. Kernel is currently working on prototypes of a brain implant device for medical use in humans.


Tiny chip implanted in the brain lets paralyzed 'type' text messages and even play the piano

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Scientists have developed a revolutionary device that lets paralyzed people use their thoughts to perform tasks they never thought they'd be able to do again. A brain-computer interface, called BrainGate, has demonstrated how it can help paraplegics in the past, but new research shows that the device can be hooked up to a basic tablet to send text messages, show the weather forecast and even play a digital piano. Volunteers with severe paralysis had to have a chip the size of a baby aspirin implanted into their brains in order to use the tablet. Participants have a'baby aspirin'-sized chip implanted into their brain's motor cortex. The motor cortex is a part of the brain that is responsible for the planning, control and execution of involuntary movements.


Computers & Surgeons Reanimate a Paralyzed Human Arm

#artificialintelligence

In 2011, Ian Burkhart, a college freshman, broke his neck while diving into a wave in North Carolina. His spinal injury left him paralyzed from the chest down, a quadriplegic, his brain no longer able to communicate with his limbs. Last week, neural engineers at Ohio State University, activated a computer chip that had been surgically implanted in Mr. Burkhart's brain, bypassing his spinal cord they rerouted his brain signals directly to his arm, and allowed him to pick up objects, stir liquids and play guitar video games - using his own thoughts. Dr. Ali Rezai, the surgeon and director of Ohio State's Center for Neuromodulation, implanted the eraser-head sized chip, using brain imaging to find the precise location with Mr. Burkhart's motor cortex that controls hand movements. The chip holds 96 "microelectrodes" that record the firing patterns of individual neurons.


Salient Contour Extraction by Temporal Binding in a Cortically-based Network

Neural Information Processing Systems

It has been suggested that long-range intrinsic connections in striate cortex may play a role in contour extraction (Gilbert et aI., 1996). A number of recent physiological and psychophysical studies have examined the possible role of long range connections in the modulation of contrast detection thresholds (Polat and Sagi, 1993,1994; Kapadia et aI., 1995; Kovacs and Julesz, 1994) and various pre-attentive detection tasks (Kovacs and Julesz, 1993; Field et aI., 1993). We have developed a network architecture based on the anatomical connectivity of striate cortex, as well as the temporal dynamics of neuronal processing, that is able to reproduce the observed experimental results. The network has been tested on real images and has applications in terms of identifying salient contours in automatic image processing systems. 1 INTRODUCTION Vision is an active process, and one of the earliest, preattentive actions in visual processing is the identification of the salient contours in a scene. We propose that this process depends upon two properties of striate cortex: the pattern of horizontal connections between orientation columns, and temporal synchronization of cell responses. In particular, we propose that perceptual salience is directly related to the degree of cell synchronization. We present results of network simulations that account for recent physiological and psychophysical "pop-out" experiments, and which successfully extract salient contours from real images.


Humans Brains Could Be Connected To Computers If Elon Musk's Neuralink Is Approved

International Business Times

Connecting the human brain to computers is quickly becoming one of the hottest ideas in Silicon Valley, with Tesla's Elon Musk and Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg among the many top tech entrepreneurs leading the charge. In March, Musk launched Neuralink, a medical research company that creates brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Musk has previously expressed the importance of upgrading human cognition in order to ensure people are not made obsolete by artificial intelligence. BCIs would initially be used for medical research, with the ultimate goal being to blur the lines between people and artificial intelligence. Read: Will Robots Take Your Job? Elon Musk Thinks We Have 30 Years Until AI Is Better Than Us At Everything Neuralink has been registered as a medical research company, and Musk said they will produce a product to help people with severe brain injuries within four years, the Washington Post reports.