Scientists claim that a 12,000-year-old antler found at a site in central Poland came from reindeer native to Scandinavia. They suggest the 30 cm (12 inch) antler was carried at least 1,000 miles (1,600 km) by early hunter gatherers in Finland and used in a gift swap between distant tribes. The 30 cm (12") antler (pictured), which the researchers describe as a baton perce or'perforated baton', is an ornament engraved with a string of strange triangular patterns and a large hole at one end The antler is an ornament engraved with a string of triangular patterns and a large hole at one end. The researchers say it was carved with'exceptional accuracy' using a dull, concave blade, while the hole was drilled through the bone using a separate tool. Experts are still unsure what the antler tool could have been used for.
Europe was a desolate region for Stone Age humanity if a new study is to be believed - as its researchers claim only 1,500 humans lived on the continent. While it is known humans arrived in the region 43,000 years ago, until now there has been no official estimation of just how many people settled. Now teams from the University of Cologne - studying archaeological evidence from a period of European prehistory called the Aurignacian, between 42,000 and 33,000 years ago - have said it could be as little as 1,500. Their conclusions are based on the belief that only 13 regions had human life split into approximately 35 different groups of people containing 42 individuals each. Europe was a desolate region for Stone Age life as a study find there were only 1,500 human beings throughout the continent.
The original Americans came from Siberia in a single wave no more than 23,000 years ago, at the height of the last Ice Age. Now a new study shows Homo sapiens reached the southern cone of the Americas 14,000 years ago - in a find which could put a date on the final step in our colonization of the continent. A new study shows Homo sapiens reached the southern part of the Americas as 14,000 years ago. The researchers found limb bones from extinct mammals at the site. This could be evidence for human activities of depositing and transporting animal carcasses for consumption at a temporary camp.
Human history is a bloody patchwork of battles and wars that leaves many to conclude our species is inexorably drawn towards violence. But a new study of prehistoric hunter-gatherers in Japan has revealed that some societies can pull themselves out of this unending cycle of bloodshed. The results suggest perhaps that violence is not so inherently part of human nature as has been previously proposed. The Jomon culture are thought to have lived in Japan from around 14,500 BC to around 300 BC (reconstruction of Jomon settlement pictured). A team of archaeologists examined the skeletal remains and causes of death of members of the Jomon people who lived in Japan up to 16,500 years ago.
Patagonia's 400,000 square miles are home to some of the most beautiful and diverse landscapes on the planet. This expansive area of land, spread across southern Chile and Argentina, is too much to take in all at once. With that in mind, we whittled down Patagonia's vast amount of possibilities to five must-see destinations. Located in the northern part of Patagonia, Puerto Madryn is known as Argentina's diving capital. It also hosts a variety of wildlife.