Hunter-gatherers traded antler gifts over huge distances

Daily Mail

Scientists claim that a 12,000-year-old antler found at a site in central Poland came from reindeer native to Scandinavia. They suggest the 30 cm (12 inch) antler was carried at least 1,000 miles (1,600 km) by early hunter gatherers in Finland and used in a gift swap between distant tribes. The 30 cm (12") antler (pictured), which the researchers describe as a baton perce or'perforated baton', is an ornament engraved with a string of strange triangular patterns and a large hole at one end The antler is an ornament engraved with a string of triangular patterns and a large hole at one end. The researchers say it was carved with'exceptional accuracy' using a dull, concave blade, while the hole was drilled through the bone using a separate tool. Experts are still unsure what the antler tool could have been used for.


The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia

Science

We show that the population at Botai associated with the earliest evidence for horse husbandry derived from an ancient hunter-gatherer ancestry previously seen in the Upper Paleolithic Mal'ta (MA1) and was deeply diverged from the Western steppe pastoralists. In Anatolia, Bronze Age samples, including from Hittite speaking settlements associated with the first written evidence of IE languages, show genetic continuity with preceding Anatolian Copper Age (CA) samples and have substantial Caucasian hunter-gatherer (CHG)–related ancestry but no evidence of direct steppe admixture. In South Asia, we identified at least two distinct waves of admixture from the west, the first occurring from a source related to the Copper Age Namazga farming culture from the southern edge of the steppe, who exhibit both the Iranian and the EHG components found in many contemporary Pakistani and Indian groups from across the subcontinent. The second came from Late Bronze Age steppe sources, with a genetic impact that is more localized in the north and west.


Did humans conquer the Americas earlier than we thought? Bones and tools suggest we reached the tip of South America 14,000 years ago

Daily Mail

The original Americans came from Siberia in a single wave no more than 23,000 years ago, at the height of the last Ice Age. Now a new study shows Homo sapiens reached the southern cone of the Americas 14,000 years ago - in a find which could put a date on the final step in our colonization of the continent. A new study shows Homo sapiens reached the southern part of the Americas as 14,000 years ago. The researchers found limb bones from extinct mammals at the site. This could be evidence for human activities of depositing and transporting animal carcasses for consumption at a temporary camp.


5 must-visit destinations in Patagonia for modern explorers

Mashable

Patagonia's 400,000 square miles are home to some of the most beautiful and diverse landscapes on the planet. This expansive area of land, spread across southern Chile and Argentina, is too much to take in all at once. With that in mind, we whittled down Patagonia's vast amount of possibilities to five must-see destinations. Located in the northern part of Patagonia, Puerto Madryn is known as Argentina's diving capital. It also hosts a variety of wildlife.


Japanese hunter-gatherers lived peacefully together for 5,000 years

Daily Mail

Human history is a bloody patchwork of battles and wars that leaves many to conclude our species is inexorably drawn towards violence. But a new study of prehistoric hunter-gatherers in Japan has revealed that some societies can pull themselves out of this unending cycle of bloodshed. The results suggest perhaps that violence is not so inherently part of human nature as has been previously proposed. The Jomon culture are thought to have lived in Japan from around 14,500 BC to around 300 BC (reconstruction of Jomon settlement pictured). A team of archaeologists examined the skeletal remains and causes of death of members of the Jomon people who lived in Japan up to 16,500 years ago.